Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 800m south east of Fitzroy Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Bratton, Wiltshire

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Latitude: 51.2677 / 51°16'3"N

Longitude: -2.1079 / 2°6'28"W

OS Eastings: 392565.825121

OS Northings: 152067.413721

OS Grid: ST925520

Mapcode National: GBR 2VV.FWT

Mapcode Global: VH97B.DDZJ

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 800m south east of Fitzroy Farm

Scheduled Date: 3 March 1927

Last Amended: 11 February 2000

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017300

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31698

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Bratton

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Edington and Imber

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury


The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the south side of Luccombe
Bottom, a small dry valley cut into Lower Chalk on the northern edge of
Salisbury Plain south of the village of Edington.
The barrow lies on a steep north facing slope on a spur to the south of the
valley. The mound of the barrow is 13.4m in diameter and 0.6m high and has an
irregular surface, probably the result of chalk digging or excavation. It is
surrounded by a ditch 3.6m wide and 0.3m deep from which material was quarried
during its construction. To the north the ditch has been covered by slippage
of the mound on the slope.
Two other barrows also in Luccombe Bottom are the subject of separate
schedulings (SM 31696 and SM 31697).

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite some evidence for disturbance the bowl barrow 800m south east of
Fitzroy Farm is a well preserved example of this type of monument which will
contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to both the
landscape and burial practice in the later prehistoric period.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire, (1957), 174

Source: Historic England

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