Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round barrow 485m south west of Stoupe Brow Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Fylingdales, North Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.4017 / 54°24'6"N

Longitude: -0.5153 / 0°30'55"W

OS Eastings: 496475.684179

OS Northings: 501704.561801

OS Grid: NZ964017

Mapcode National: GBR SKVJ.7W

Mapcode Global: WHGBD.1MWG

Entry Name: Round barrow 485m south west of Stoupe Brow Farm

Scheduled Date: 9 March 2001

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019723

English Heritage Legacy ID: 34404

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Fylingdales

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Ravenscar St Hilda

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes a round barrow situated on the north eastern edge of
Howdale Moor. This is the easternmost extent of the sandstone, heather covered
moor characteristic of the North York Moors. Today the moor is little used but
archaeological evidence indicates that this has not always been the case. The
prehistoric period in particular saw extensive agricultural use of the area.
It was also used for burials and activities associated with the
carving of patterns on exposed rock. Remains of these activities survive
today.
The barrow has an earth and stone mound standing 0.3m high and measuring 10m
in diameter. The centre of the mound has been partly excavated in the past.
The mound was surrounded by a ditch up to 3m wide which has been filled in and
is no longer visible as an earthwork.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to
the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC.
They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered
single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as
cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often
superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit
regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are
over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already
been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area
where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl
or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major
historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in
form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the
diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric
communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a
substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The round barrow 485m south west of Stoupe Brow Farm has survived well.
Significant information about the original form of the barrow, the burials
placed within it and the relationship with other monuments in the area will be
preserved. Evidence of earlier land use will also survive beneath the barrow
mound.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Smith, M J B, Excavated Bronze Age Burial Mounds of North East Yorkshire, (1997), 1-34

Source: Historic England

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