Ancient Monuments

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Three round barrows 620m WSW of Brickyard Cottage

A Scheduled Monument in Fylingdales, North Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.3984 / 54°23'54"N

Longitude: -0.5156 / 0°30'56"W

OS Eastings: 496467.274464

OS Northings: 501345.399621

OS Grid: NZ964013

Mapcode National: GBR SKVL.51

Mapcode Global: WHGBD.1PRY

Entry Name: Three round barrows 620m WSW of Brickyard Cottage

Scheduled Date: 15 November 1934

Last Amended: 5 July 2002

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019713

English Heritage Legacy ID: 34394

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Fylingdales

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Ravenscar St Hilda

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes three adjacent round barrows arranged in a
triangular formation and also includes the ground between them in which
unmarked burials and other archaeological remains may survive.

The monument is located on the eastern side of Howdale Moor. This is the
easternmost extent of the sandstone, heather covered moor characteristic
of the North York Moors. Today the moor is little used but archaeological
evidence indicates that this has not always been the case. The prehistoric
period in particular saw extensive agricultural use of the area. It was
also used for burials and activities associated with the carving of
patterns on exposed rock. Remains of these activities survive today.

Each barrow has an earth and stone mound, these are up to 6m in diameter
and 0.5m in height. The two barrows at the north of the group are 2m apart
and the third stands 30m to the south. Each mound is surrounded by a
ditch up to 3m wide which has been filled in and is no longer visible as
an earthwork.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to
the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC.
They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered
single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as
cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often
superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit
regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are
over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already
been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area
where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl
or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major
historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in
form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the
diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric
communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a
substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The three round barrows 620m WSW of Brickyard Cottage have survived well.
Significant information about the original form of the barrows, the burials
placed within them and their relationship with other monuments in the area
will be preserved. Evidence of earlier land use will also survive beneath the
barrow mounds.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Smith, M J B, Excavated Bronze Age Burial Mounds of North East Yorkshire, (1997), 1-38
Smith, M J B, Excavated Bronze Age Burial Mounds of North East Yorkshire, (1997), 1-38

Source: Historic England

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