Ancient Monuments

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Round barrow cemetery 440m west of Brickyard Cottage

A Scheduled Monument in Fylingdales, North Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.3991 / 54°23'56"N

Longitude: -0.513 / 0°30'46"W

OS Eastings: 496630.505282

OS Northings: 501418.896142

OS Grid: NZ966014

Mapcode National: GBR SKVK.QT

Mapcode Global: WHGBD.2PYG

Entry Name: Round barrow cemetery 440m west of Brickyard Cottage

Scheduled Date: 15 November 1934

Last Amended: 5 July 2002

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019712

English Heritage Legacy ID: 34393

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Fylingdales

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Ravenscar St Hilda

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes the buried and earthwork remains of a round barrow
cemetery and the area between the individual barrows in which unmarked
burials and other archaeological remains may survive.

The monument is located on level ground on the eastern side of Howdale
Moor. This is the easternmost extent of the sandstone, heather covered
moor characteristic of the North York Moors. Today the moor is little used
but archaeological evidence indicates that this has not always been the
case. The prehistoric period in particular saw extensive agricultural use
of the area. It was also used for burials and activities associated with
the carving of patterns on exposed rock. Remains of these activities
survive today.

The cemetery includes at least eight barrows and occupies an area
approximately 150m by 140m. The barrows have an earth and stone mound
measuring up to 6m in diameter and up to 0.5m in height. Each barrow mound
is surrounded by a ditch up to 3m wide which has been filled in and is no
longer visible as an earthwork.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

The round barrow cemetary 440m west of Brickyard Cottage has survived well
and significant information about the original form of the barrows, any
burials placed within them and the relationship with other monuments in
the area will be preserved. Evidence of earlier land use will also survive
beneath the mounds.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Smith, M J B, Excavated Bronze Age Burial Mounds of North East Yorkshire, (1997), 1-38

Source: Historic England

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