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Cairn 1500m north west of Newbridge Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Baslow and Bubnell, Derbyshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.2584 / 53°15'30"N

Longitude: -1.5787 / 1°34'43"W

OS Eastings: 428202.585502

OS Northings: 373572.828979

OS Grid: SK282735

Mapcode National: GBR KZFR.0N

Mapcode Global: WHCD2.QCFC

Entry Name: Cairn 1500m north west of Newbridge Farm

Scheduled Date: 24 January 2001

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019513

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31287

County: Derbyshire

Civil Parish: Baslow and Bubnell

Traditional County: Derbyshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Derbyshire

Church of England Parish: Baslow St Anne

Church of England Diocese: Derby

Details

The monument includes a prehistoric funerary cairn standing to the west of a
complex of contemporary settlement remains.

The cairn comprises a low mound of surface-worn gritstones standing in open
moorland on the crest of a minor escarpment. From this position there are
extensive views over contemporary settlement and ceremonial features in the
surrounding area. The cairn measures 9m by 8m and stands approximately 0.3m
high. Extending from the cairn to the north is a low platform of stones.
Large kerb stones are present in the outer rim of cairn. There is a minor
disturbance at its centre although the majority of the monument is intact with
most of its structure surviving well. Undisturbed archaeological information
will survive in the cairn and in the ground below it.

The size and location of the cairn indicates that it is funerary in function
and Early Bronze Age in date. The cairn represents a ceremonial site being
part of a complex and extensive series of contemporary features on the same
area of moorlands.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The East Moors in Derbyshire includes all the gritstone moors east of the
River Derwent. It covers an area of 105 sq km, of which around 63% is open
moorland and 37% is enclosed. As a result of recent and on-going
archaeological survey, the East Moors area is becoming one of the best
recorded upland areas in England. On the enclosed land the archaeological
remains are fragmentary, but survive sufficiently well to show that early
human activity extended beyond the confines of the open moors.
On the open moors there is significant and well-articulated evidence over
extensive areas for human exploitation of the gritstone uplands from the
Neolithic to the post-medieval periods. Bronze Age activity accounts for the
most intensive use of the moorlands. Evidence for it includes some of the
largest and best preserved field systems and cairnfields in northern England
as well settlement sites, numerous burial monuments, stone circles and other
ceremonial remains which, together, provide a detailed insight into life in
the Bronze Age. Also of importance is the well preserved and often visible
relationship between the remains of earlier and later periods since this
provides an insight into successive changes in land use through time.
A large number of the prehistoric sites on the moors, because of their rarity
in a national context, excellent state of preservation and inter-connections,
will be identified as nationally important.

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials were placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a
major visual element in the modern landscape. Their considerable variation in
form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the
diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst prehistoric communities.

The cairn 1500m north west of Newbridge Farm is important in its association
with contemporary settlement remains close-by. It is also of complex form and
remains largely intact, thus retaining archaeological information relating to
the cairn and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
RCHME, , The House Within, (1994)
RCHME, , The House Within, (1994)
Barnatt, J W, 'Derbyshire Archaeological Journal' in Bronze Age Remains on the East Moors of the Peak District, , Vol. 106, (1986), 49-51
Other
Barnatt, J W, Peak District Barrow Survey, 1989, unpublished survey
Barnatt, J W, Peak District Barrow Survey, 1989, unpublished survey

Source: Historic England

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