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Cairn 500m west of Newbridge Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Baslow and Bubnell, Derbyshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.2466 / 53°14'47"N

Longitude: -1.5749 / 1°34'29"W

OS Eastings: 428464.459274

OS Northings: 372263.429274

OS Grid: SK284722

Mapcode National: GBR KZFW.VW

Mapcode Global: WHCD2.SN7F

Entry Name: Cairn 500m west of Newbridge Farm

Scheduled Date: 24 January 2001

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019510

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31283

County: Derbyshire

Civil Parish: Baslow and Bubnell

Traditional County: Derbyshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Derbyshire

Church of England Parish: Baslow St Anne

Church of England Diocese: Derby

Details

The monument includes a prehistoric cairn standing to the east of a complex of
contemporary settlement remains.

The cairn comprises a mound of surface-worn gritstones standing in open
moorland next to the head of a small stream. It measures 11.5m by 8.5m and
0.4m high and stands on a levelled platform raising it above otherwise boggy
ground. Although there is a slight disturbance close to its centre, the cairn
appears otherwise intact and will contain undisturbed archaeological remains.
The size and location of the cairn indicates that it is funerary in function
and Early Bronze Age in date. It is almost certainly associated with the
Bronze Age settlement remains to the west, in sight of the cairn. The
location of the monument is significant being next to a rising water source.

The cairn represents a ceremonial site being part of a complex series of
contemporary features on the same area of moorlands.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The East Moors in Derbyshire includes all the gritstone moors east of the
River Derwent. It covers an area of 105 sq km, of which around 63% is open
moorland and 37% is enclosed. As a result of recent and on-going
archaeological survey, the East Moors area is becoming one of the best
recorded upland areas in England. On the enclosed land the archaeological
remains are fragmentary, but survive sufficiently well to show that early
human activity extended beyond the confines of the open moors.
On the open moors there is significant and well-articulated evidence over
extensive areas for human exploitation of the gritstone uplands from the
Neolithic to the post-medieval periods. Bronze Age activity accounts for the
most intensive use of the moorlands. Evidence for it includes some of the
largest and best preserved field systems and cairnfields in northern England
as well settlement sites, numerous burial monuments, stone circles and other
ceremonial remains which, together, provide a detailed insight into life in
the Bronze Age. Also of importance is the well preserved and often visible
relationship between the remains of earlier and later periods since this
provides an insight into successive changes in land use through time.
A large number of the prehistoric sites on the moors, because of their rarity
in a national context, excellent state of preservation and inter-connections,
will be identified as nationally important.

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials were placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a
major visual element in the modern landscape. Their considerable variation in
form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the
diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst prehistoric communities.

The cairn 500m west of Newbridge Farm survives well, despite partial
disturbance, and will contain evidence relating to the landscape in which it
was constructed. In addition it is important because of its association with
contemporary settlement remains to the west and in its location next to a
rising source of water.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989), 29:35
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989), 29:35

Source: Historic England

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