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Cairnfield 1400m north west of Clod Hall Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Baslow and Bubnell, Derbyshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.259 / 53°15'32"N

Longitude: -1.5712 / 1°34'16"W

OS Eastings: 428704.449378

OS Northings: 373640.022801

OS Grid: SK287736

Mapcode National: GBR KZGR.NG

Mapcode Global: WHCD2.VB0X

Entry Name: Cairnfield 1400m north west of Clod Hall Farm

Scheduled Date: 24 January 2001

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019512

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31285

County: Derbyshire

Civil Parish: Baslow and Bubnell

Traditional County: Derbyshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Derbyshire

Church of England Parish: Baslow St Anne

Church of England Diocese: Derby

Details

The monument includes a cairnfield together with fragments of linear clearance
debris.

The complex occupies gently sloping ground at the northern end of a
west-facing escarpment. It comprises a small cairnfield with traces of linear
banks of clearance debris indicating that the area was once divided into field
plots. There are at least eight low cairns ranging from between 2m to 5m in
diameter. They are chiefly turf covered and appear to be complete examples of
prehistoric clearance cairns. As such, they will contain undisturbed
archaeological information. Several of the cairns are ovoid in plan and may
have once formed part of linear field enclosures. In addition to the cairns,
there are at least two fragments of linear banks of turf and stone following a
common axis. These also indicate that at least part of the area was enclosed.
The banks were formed by debris from the fields being placed against hedges
or fences.

The cairnfield and associated features are indicative of settlement and
agricultural use of the moorlands during the Bronze Age and part of a more
extensive area of contemporary settlement to the south.

Excluded from the scheduling are all walls, gates and fences, although the
ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 5 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The East Moors in Derbyshire includes all the gritstone moors east of the
River Derwent. It covers an area of 105 sq km, of which around 63% is open
moorland and 37% is enclosed. As a result of recent and on-going
archaeological survey, the East Moors area is becoming one of the best
recorded upland areas in England. On the enclosed land the archaeological
remains are fragmentary, but survive sufficiently well to show that early
human activity extended beyond the confines of the open moors.
On the open moors there is significant and well-articulated evidence over
extensive areas for human exploitation of the gritstone uplands from the
Neolithic to the post-medieval periods. Bronze Age activity accounts for the
most intensive use of the moorlands. Evidence for it includes some of the
largest and best preserved field systems and cairnfields in northern England
as well settlement sites, numerous burial monuments, stone circles and other
ceremonial remains which, together, provide a detailed insight into life in
the Bronze Age. Also of importance is the well preserved and often visible
relationship between the remains of earlier and later periods since this
provides an insight into successive changes in land use through time.
A large number of the prehistoric sites on the moors, because of their rarity
in a national context, excellent state of preservation and inter-connections,
will be identified as nationally important.

Cairnfields are concentrations of cairns sited in close proximity to one
another. They often consist largely of clearance cairns, built with stone
gathered from the surrounding landsurface to improve its use for agriculture.
However, funerary cairns are also frequently incorporated, although without
excavation it is impossible to determine which cairns contain burials.
Clearance cairns were constructed from the Neolithic period although the
majority of examples date from the Bronze Age (2000-700 BC). The considerable
longevity and variation in the size, content and associations of cairnfields
provide important information on the development of land use and agricultural
practices. They also provide information on the diversity of beliefs and
social organisation during the prehistoric period.

The cairnfield and fragments of linear clearance 1400m north west of Clod Hall
Farm survive well and provide important information on the prehistoric
settlement of the Derbyshire moorlands.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J W, 'Derbyshire Archaeological Journal' in Bronze Age Remains on the East Moors of the Peak District, (1986), 49-51
Barnatt, J W, 'Derbyshire Archaeological Journal' in Bronze Age Remains on the East Moors of the Peak District, (1986), 49-51
Other
Sidebottom, PC, Cairnfield and Field System near Leash Fen, Derbyshire, 2000, unpublished survey notes
Sidebottom, PC, Cairnfield and Field System near Leash Fen, Derbyshire, 2000, unpublished survey notes
Sidebottom, PC, Cairnfield and Field System near Leash Fen, Derbyshire, 2000, unpublished survey notes
Sidebottom, PC, Cairnfield and Field System near Leash Fen, Derbyshire, 2000, unpublished survey notes

Source: Historic England

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