Ancient Monuments

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Moated site and an associated raised earthen platform 510m north of Mill Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Cressage, Shropshire

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Latitude: 52.6177 / 52°37'3"N

Longitude: -2.5802 / 2°34'48"W

OS Eastings: 360816.131058

OS Northings: 302377.105511

OS Grid: SJ608023

Mapcode National: GBR BR.83H5

Mapcode Global: WH9DF.BGLJ

Entry Name: Moated site and an associated raised earthen platform 510m north of Mill Farm

Scheduled Date: 7 June 2000

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019012

English Heritage Legacy ID: 32326

County: Shropshire

Civil Parish: Cressage

Traditional County: Shropshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Shropshire

Church of England Parish: Cressage

Church of England Diocese: Hereford


The monument includes the earthwork and buried remains of a medieval moated
site and an associated raised earthen platform situated on level ground in an
area of undulating land. The moat, which is now dry, defines a rectangular
island approximately 34m by 38m. The arms of the moat are between 11m and 14m
wide and up to 2m deep. Material excavated from the moat has been used to
raise the surface of the island by approximately 0.3m above the level of the
surrounding ground. Spoil from this operation has also been used to create a
broad flat-topped external bank, 24m to 31m wide, alongside the south western
moat arm and a narrower external bank, 7m wide, next to the north western arm.
A short section of a sandstone block wall of probable medieval date revets the
inner face of the north eastern moat arm near to its mid point.
Immediately next to, and on the same alignment as the moated site close to
its eastern corner there is a rectangular, stepped, earthen platform
approximately 11m by 18m and up to 1m high. Its exact purpose is uncertain,
but is thought likely to have supported a structure associated with the moated
site, and is included in the scheduling.
There are a number of features which are excluded from the scheduling, these
are: all fences and gates, the fodder container and water trough, although the
ground beneath them is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site and an associated raised earthen platform 510m north of Mill
Farm is a well-preserved example of this class of monument. The moated island
will retain structural and artefactual evidence of the buildings that once
stood on the site, which together with the artefacts and organic remains
existing in the moat will provide valuable evidence about the occupation and
social status of the inhabitants. Organic remains surviving in the buried
ground surfaces under the raised interior and the external banks, and within
the moat, will also provide information about the changes to the local
environment and the use of the land before and after the moated site was
constructed. The external raised platform will retain additional evidence
relating to the use of the moated site.

Source: Historic England

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