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Ana Cross round barrow and wayside cross

A Scheduled Monument in Hartoft, North Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.3348 / 54°20'5"N

Longitude: -0.8869 / 0°53'12"W

OS Eastings: 472472.845815

OS Northings: 493822.971002

OS Grid: SE724938

Mapcode National: GBR QL79.SV

Mapcode Global: WHF9G.B9XP

Entry Name: Ana Cross round barrow and wayside cross

Scheduled Date: 10 April 1967

Last Amended: 3 July 2000

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018976

English Heritage Legacy ID: 32654

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Hartoft

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Lastingham St Mary

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes buried and earthwork remains of a prehistoric burial
mound, topped by a modern replacement of a medieval wayside cross,
approximately 1km SSE of the top of Rosedale Chimney Bank.
The round barrow is prominently sited on top of a natural rise to the east of
Ana Moss. It is intervisible with the four barrows known as the Three Howes to
the north west, but not with Abraham's Hut round cairn to the south east. The
barrow is mainly of earthen construction with some visible stones up to 0.4m
across, is 18m in diameter and 1.2m high. On the south side of its broad
summit there is a slight hollow up to 0.4m deep, with the cross standing on
the northern side. Although there is no obvious ditch visible around the
barrow, a 3m margin surrounding the mound is included to allow for its likely
survival. This is because excavations of other examples in the region have
shown that, even where no encircling depression is discernible on the modern
ground surface, ditches immediately around the outside of the mound frequently
survive as infilled features, containing additional archaeological deposits.
The wayside cross marks a medieval route way across the moor between
Lastingham and the site of Rosedale Priory. A deeply incised hollow way skirts
the western side of the barrow heading towards the modern village of Rosedale
Abbey. The current cross, which at one time was known as Ain or One Howe
Cross, but now more generally as Ana Cross, dates to 1949 when the original
medieval cross was removed to the crypt of Lastingham Church. It was repaired
in the summer of 1998 after its collapse in the winter of 1995. The cross
stands approximately 3m high and is set into a pair of equally sized socket
stones 0.35m thick which are joined by two iron ties to form a base 1.25m by
2.75m. The foot of this base is some 0.3m above the surrounding ground surface
and has been underpinned with cemented stonework. The cross is Listed Grade
II.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to
the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC.
They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered
single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as
cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often
superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit
regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are
over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already
been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area
where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl
or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major
historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in
form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the
diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric
communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a
substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Excavations of round barrows in the region have shown that they demonstrate a
wide range of burial rites from simple scatters of cremated material to coffin
inhumations and cremations contained in urns, typically dating to the Bronze
Age. A common factor is that barrows were normally used for more than one
burial and that the primary burial was frequently on or below the original
ground surface, often with secondary burials located within the body of the
mound.
Wayside crosses are one of several types of Christian cross erected during the
medieval period, typically acting as way markers in otherwise unmarked terrain
for routes for parishioners from outlying settlements, for funeral
processions, long distance pilgrimage routes or merely the path linking
ordinary settlements. Over 350 wayside crosses are known nationally,
concentrated in the south west in Cornwall and on Dartmoor, with a small group
found on the North Yorkshire Moors. Wayside crosses contribute significantly
to our understanding of medieval religious customs, and to our knowledge of
medieval route ways and settlement patterns.
Ana Cross round barrow is relatively well preserved. Its interest is
heightened by the cross, a modern replacement of a medieval wayside cross.

Source: Historic England

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