Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round cairn on Ravens Pike

A Scheduled Monument in Rochester, Northumberland

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Latitude: 55.3495 / 55°20'58"N

Longitude: -2.3481 / 2°20'53"W

OS Eastings: 378021.833473

OS Northings: 606214.266406

OS Grid: NT780062

Mapcode National: GBR D61L.F5

Mapcode Global: WH8Z5.XS0X

Entry Name: Round cairn on Ravens Pike

Scheduled Date: 3 July 2000

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018938

English Heritage Legacy ID: 32734

County: Northumberland

Civil Parish: Rochester

Traditional County: Northumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Northumberland

Church of England Parish: Horsley with Byrness

Church of England Diocese: Newcastle


The monument includes the remains of a round cairn of Bronze Age date,
situated on the summit of Ravens Pike, where it commands extensive views in
all directions. The round cairn, of stone and earth, is roughly circular in
shape with a diameter of 13m and stands to a maximum height of 1.5m. The flat
top of the cairn is surmounted by a modern walkers' cairn created from
displaced cairn material.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

The round cairn on Ravens Pike is well preserved and retains significant
archaeological deposits. It is a good example of a large summit cairn and will
add to our understanding of Bronze Age funerary and ritual practices in the

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Charlton, B, Fifty centuries of Peace and War, (1996), 28
Gates T M, 16544/21-2, (1996)
NT70NE 15,

Source: Historic England

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