Ancient Monuments

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Round cairn, 240m east of Ravens Pike

A Scheduled Monument in Rochester, Northumberland

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.3498 / 55°20'59"N

Longitude: -2.3441 / 2°20'38"W

OS Eastings: 378275.312507

OS Northings: 606247.149007

OS Grid: NT782062

Mapcode National: GBR D62L.92

Mapcode Global: WH8Z5.YSXN

Entry Name: Round cairn, 240m east of Ravens Pike

Scheduled Date: 29 April 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014078

English Heritage Legacy ID: 25190

County: Northumberland

Civil Parish: Rochester

Traditional County: Northumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Northumberland

Church of England Parish: Horsley with Byrness

Church of England Diocese: Newcastle

Details

The monument includes the remains of a substantial round cairn of Bronze Age
date situated on a prominent east facing a shoulder of land on the slopes of
Emmet Law. The cairn, composed of stone and earth, has spread to a diameter of
12m and stands to a maximum height of 1.2m. There are signs of disturbance to
the upper cairn material in the south east quadrant but this may be no more
than superficial stone robbing.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

The round cairn near Ravens Pike is well preserved and retains significant
archaeological deposits. Evidence of the manner of construction and the nature
and duration of its use will be preserved within and beneath the mound.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Charlton, D B, Day, J C, An Archaeological Survey of the MOD Training Area, Otterburn, (1977), 21

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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