Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow immediately south of the embankment of a disused railway, within Boscombe Down Airfield, 870m south east of The Pennings

A Scheduled Monument in Amesbury, Wiltshire

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Latitude: 51.1685 / 51°10'6"N

Longitude: -1.7477 / 1°44'51"W

OS Eastings: 417736.668427

OS Northings: 141053.859453

OS Grid: SU177410

Mapcode National: GBR 504.NZ4

Mapcode Global: VHB5C.NWFM

Entry Name: Bowl barrow immediately south of the embankment of a disused railway, within Boscombe Down Airfield, 870m south east of The Pennings

Scheduled Date: 21 January 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018624

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31188

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Amesbury

Built-Up Area: Amesbury

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Amesbury St Mary and St Melor

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury


The monument includes a bowl barrow situated immediately south of the
embankment of a disused railway which forms the northern boundary of Boscombe
Down Airfield. The barrow survives as a mound 20m in diameter and 1.3m high
surrounded by a ditch, 3m wide, from which material was quarried during its
construction. Traces of the ditch can be seen on the east and west sides and
will survive as a buried feature elsewhere around the mound. On the north
side, the ditch and the edge of the mound are overlain by the railway
embankment. The embankment is included in the scheduling where it overlies the
The fence posts on the southern side of the monument are excluded from the
scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The bowl barrow immediately south of the embankment, within Boscombe Down
Airfield is a well preserved example of its class and will contain
archaeological remains providing information about Bronze Age beliefs, economy
and environment.

Source: Historic England

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