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Newton Barrows, a round barrow cemetery on Earl's Farm Down

A Scheduled Monument in Amesbury, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.168 / 51°10'4"N

Longitude: -1.7399 / 1°44'23"W

OS Eastings: 418278.328656

OS Northings: 141006.296345

OS Grid: SU182410

Mapcode National: GBR 504.QX3

Mapcode Global: VHB5C.SWJZ

Entry Name: Newton Barrows, a round barrow cemetery on Earl's Farm Down

Scheduled Date: 3 March 1960

Last Amended: 17 April 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015902

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28925

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Amesbury

Built-Up Area: Amesbury

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Amesbury St Mary and St Melor

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes a group of nine bowl barrows which together form the
major part of a linear round barrow cemetery known as Newton Barrows on Earl's
Farm Down. Six of the barrows are arranged in a line broadly north east to
south west along the summit of a ridge on a north west facing slope. A further
two barrows are situated below the ridge, south east of the main row and a
third is located west of the most northerly barrow in the main row. All of the
barrows survive as earthworks with mounds ranging in size from 22m to 30m in
diameter and from 0.8m to 3m high. All are surrounded by ditches from which
material was quarried during their construction. These have become largely
infilled over the years and survive as either a shallow depression or as a
buried feature visible on aerial photographs. The quarry ditches range in
width from 2m to 3.5m. The most southerly barrow of the group has been
destroyed on its south side by the cutting of the now dismantled Amesbury
Light Railway, although the north side survives as a low mound and buried
ditches are visible in the railway cutting. One of the barrow mounds supports
a World War II gun emplacement. This is included within the scheduling.
A further bowl barrow which forms an outlier to the main core of the cemetery
is located 80m to the south east and is the subject of a separate scheduling.
All fence posts are excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath
these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

The round barrow cemetery on Earl's Farm Down survives well and will contain
archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and
landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, LV, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume V, (1957), 152
Grinsell, LV, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume V, (1957), 152
Grinsell, LV, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume V, (1957), 152
Grinsell, LV, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume V, (1957), 152
Grinsell, LV, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume V, (1957), 152
Grinsell, LV, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume V, (1957), 152
Grinsell, LV, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume V, (1957), 152
Piggott, C M, 'Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society' in A Middle Bronze Age Barrow and Deverel-Rimbury Urnfield, , Vol. 4, (1938), 187

Source: Historic England

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