Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow within Boscombe Down Airfield, 160m south east of The Rifle and Pistol Club

A Scheduled Monument in Amesbury, Wiltshire

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Latitude: 51.1654 / 51°9'55"N

Longitude: -1.7518 / 1°45'6"W

OS Eastings: 417449.056184

OS Northings: 140709.930156

OS Grid: SU174407

Mapcode National: GBR 504.V88

Mapcode Global: VHB5C.LZ70

Entry Name: Bowl barrow within Boscombe Down Airfield, 160m south east of The Rifle and Pistol Club

Scheduled Date: 3 January 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015219

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28939

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Amesbury

Built-Up Area: Amesbury

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Amesbury St Mary and St Melor

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury


The monument includes a bowl barrow located between buildings within Boscombe
Down Airfield. The mound is 16m in diameter, 1.4m high and has a depression 5m
wide and 0.4m deep on its summit. This is probably the result of an unrecorded
antiquarian excavation. The mound is surrounded by a ditch from which material
was quarried during its construction. This has become infilled over the years
and survives as a buried feature up to 2m wide on the south, east and west
sides. The ditch on the north side of the mound has been destroyed by
terracing for construction work. The bowl barrow has a maximum overall
diameter of 20m.
All fence posts, areas of hard standing and modern services are excluded from
the scheduling although the ground beneath these features is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The bowl barrow within Boscombe Down Airfield survives comparatively well and
will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the
monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

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