Ancient Monuments

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Four areas of carving on a rock outcrop 200m south west of The Rigg

A Scheduled Monument in Lartington, County Durham

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.5436 / 54°32'36"N

Longitude: -1.9905 / 1°59'25"W

OS Eastings: 400712.026942

OS Northings: 516481.188871

OS Grid: NZ007164

Mapcode National: GBR GHJX.V0

Mapcode Global: WHB4K.D2C4

Entry Name: Four areas of carving on a rock outcrop 200m south west of The Rigg

Scheduled Date: 21 August 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018250

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31775

County: County Durham

Civil Parish: Lartington

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): County Durham

Details

The monument includes four separate areas of prehistoric carving on a rock
outcrop 200m south west of The Rigg. The outcrop faces south and overlooks a
marshy hollow. The north edge of the outcrop is grass covered, and it is
possible that more carvings exist between those currently visible. The
measurements given are of the exposed areas of carving. The carved areas range
in size from 1.9m to 7m long, and 1.8m to 3m in width. The visible height of
the outcrop ranges from level with the grass to 1m. The carvings are mostly
complex, and all feature cups and grooves. One also features a cup and ring.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Prehistoric rock art is found on natural rock outcrops in many areas of upland
Britain. It is especially common in the north of England in Northumberland,
Durham and North and West Yorkshire. The most common form of decoration is the
`cup and ring' marking where expanses of small cup-like hollows are pecked
into the surface of the rock. These cups may be surrounded by one or more
`rings'. Single pecked lines extending from the cup through the `rings' may
also exist, providing the design with a `tail'. Pecked lines or grooves can
also exist in isolation from cup and ring decoration. Other shapes and
patterns also occur, but are less frequent. Carvings may occur singly, in
small groups, or may cover extensive areas of rock surface. They date to the
Late Neolithic and Bronze Age periods (2800-c.500 BC) and provide one of our
most important insights into prehistoric `art'. The exact meaning of the
designs remains unknown, but they may be interpreted as sacred or religious
symbols.
Frequently they are found close to contemporary burial monuments and the
symbols are also found on portable stones placed directly next to burials or
incorporated in burial mounds. Around 800 examples of prehistoric rock-art
have been recorded in England. This is unlikely to be a realistic reflection
of the number carved in prehistory. Many will have been overgrown or destroyed
in activities such as quarrying. All positively identified prehistoric rock
art sites exhibiting a significant group of designs will normally be
identified as nationally important.

The carvings on the rock outcrop 200m south west of The Rigg survive well and
are among several carved rocks on a low ridge north of Deepdale. They
will contribute to the study of prehistoric carved rocks in Britain.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Beckensall, S and Laurie, T , Prehistoric Rock Art of County Durham Swaledale and Wensleydale, forthcoming
Beckensall, S and Laurie, T , Prehistoric Rock Art of County Durham Swaledale and Wensleydale, forthcoming
Beckensall, S and Laurie, T , Prehistoric Rock Art of County Durham Swaledale and Wensleydale, forthcoming
Beckensall, S and Laurie, T , Prehistoric Rock Art of County Durham Swaledale and Wensleydale, forthcoming
Beckensall, S and Laurie, T , Prehistoric Rock Art of County Durham Swaledale and Wensleydale, forthcoming

Source: Historic England

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