Ancient Monuments

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Cairn on Bamford Edge, 500m north east of Mooredge

A Scheduled Monument in Bamford, Derbyshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.3602 / 53°21'36"N

Longitude: -1.6883 / 1°41'17"W

OS Eastings: 420841.736324

OS Northings: 384857.41492

OS Grid: SK208848

Mapcode National: GBR JYNL.95

Mapcode Global: WHCCG.1SBW

Entry Name: Cairn on Bamford Edge, 500m north east of Mooredge

Scheduled Date: 28 February 1963

Last Amended: 5 February 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018083

English Heritage Legacy ID: 29825

County: Derbyshire

Civil Parish: Bamford

Traditional County: Derbyshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Derbyshire

Church of England Parish: Bamford and Derwent St John the Baptist

Church of England Diocese: Derby

Details

The monument includes the remains of a large cairn about 10m east of the
Millstone Grit escarpment known as Bamford Edge, overlooking the upper Derwent
valley. The cairn is dated to the Bronze Age and its size, position and
relative isolation indicate that the structure was used for funerary purposes.
There is evidence for Bronze Age settlement and agriculture nearby.
The cairn measures approximately 20m in diameter and appears to have been
extensively robbed at its western side and centre. It now consists of a
substantial sub-circular stony embankment up to 0.6m high to the north, east
and south with part missing on the western side. The monument is interpreted
as a partially robbed cairn of relatively large size, indicative of a funerary
structure. Such large funerary cairns often occupy panoramic locations as in
this example, overlooking the Derwent valley and moorlands beyond. At the
south western end of the monument is a small cairn of stones, overlying the
embankment. The function of this is uncertain: it could have been the product
of a later disturbance, but may be part of the original composition of the
cairn, indicating a secondary burial.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The East Moors in Derbyshire includes all the gritstone moors east of the
River Derwent. It covers an area of 105 sq km, of which around 63% is open
moorland and 37% is enclosed. As a result of recent and on-going
archaeological survey, the East Moors area is becoming one of the best
recorded upland areas in England. On the enclosed land the archaeological
remains are fragmentary, but survive sufficiently well to show that early
human activity extended beyond the confines of the open moors.
On the open moors there is significant and well-articulated evidence over
extensive areas for human exploitation of the gritstone uplands from the
Neolithic to the post-medieval periods. Bronze Age activity accounts for the
most intensive use of the moorlands. Evidence for it includes some of the
largest and best preserved field systems and cairnfields in northern England
as well settlement sites, numerous burial monuments, stone circles and other
ceremonial remains which, together, provide a detailed insight into life in
the Bronze Age. Also of importance is the well preserved and often visible
relationship between the remains of earlier and later periods since this
provides an insight into successive changes in land use through time.
A large number of the prehistoric sites on the moors, because of their rarity
in a national context, excellent state of preservation and inter-connections,
will be identified as nationally important.

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. In some cases, cairns often occupy prominent locations and
are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively
common feature in the uplands of Britain and are the stone equivalent of the
earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form
and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the
diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst prehistoric communities.
They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial
proportion of the surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.
The cairn 500m north east of Mooredge, although robbed of some stone, will
contain buried remains below ground and within the surviving structure
providing much information on its function and construction.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J W, 'Derbyshire Archaeological Journal' in Bronze Age Remains on the East Moors of the Peak District, , Vol. 106, (1986), 25-6
Other
Barnatt, J W, Peak District Barrow Survey, 1989, unpublished survey

Source: Historic England

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