Ancient Monuments

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Cairn on Bamford Moor, 960m north east of Clough House

A Scheduled Monument in Bamford, Derbyshire

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Latitude: 53.3592 / 53°21'32"N

Longitude: -1.6789 / 1°40'44"W

OS Eastings: 421467.073207

OS Northings: 384744.935446

OS Grid: SK214847

Mapcode National: GBR JYQL.BK

Mapcode Global: WHCCG.5TSP

Entry Name: Cairn on Bamford Moor, 960m north east of Clough House

Scheduled Date: 21 August 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018218

English Heritage Legacy ID: 29837

County: Derbyshire

Civil Parish: Bamford

Traditional County: Derbyshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Derbyshire

Church of England Parish: Bamford and Derwent St John the Baptist

Church of England Diocese: Derby


The monument includes the remains of a prehistoric cairn located on a ridge of
land facing south east. The cairn has been disturbed at its centre although
much of the mound still survives, including evidence for a stone kerb. It
forms one of a small group of dispersed larger cairns on Bamford Moor and is
dated to the Bronze Age.
The cairn measures 10.5m by 9.5m and stands approximately 0.35m high. Its
centre has been robbed of stone, giving it an appearance similar to a ring
cairn. There is no recorded excavation of the cairn and it is likely that
stone was removed for wall building nearby. The cairn includes several low
orthostats (upright boulders) in its construction which appear to be the
vestiges of a carefully constructed stone kerb, a characteristic feature of
funerary cairns in the Peak District. The cairn is also large in comparison to
those associated with prehistoric field systems in the area and, given its
relatively isolated and prominent position and evidence for a complex
structure, indicates that its function was ceremonial.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The East Moors in Derbyshire includes all the gritstone moors east of the
River Derwent. It covers an area of 105 sq km, of which around 63% is open
moorland and 37% is enclosed. As a result of recent and on-going
archaeological survey, the East Moors area is becoming one of the best
recorded upland areas in England. On the enclosed land the archaeological
remains are fragmentary, but survive sufficiently well to show that early
human activity extended beyond the confines of the open moors.
On the open moors there is significant and well-articulated evidence over
extensive areas for human exploitation of the gritstone uplands from the
Neolithic to the post-medieval periods. Bronze Age activity accounts for the
most intensive use of the moorlands. Evidence for it includes some of the
largest and best preserved field systems and cairnfields in northern England
as well settlement sites, numerous burial monuments, stone circles and other
ceremonial remains which, together, provide a detailed insight into life in
the Bronze Age. Also of importance is the well preserved and often visible
relationship between the remains of earlier and later periods since this
provides an insight into successive changes in land use through time.
A large number of the prehistoric sites on the moors, because of their rarity
in a national context, excellent state of preservation and inter-connections,
will be identified as nationally important.

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.
2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials which were often placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a
major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common
feature in the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round
barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity
as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs
and social organisation amongst prehistoric communities.
The cairn on Bamford Moor, 960m north east of Clough House is important
because of its structural complexity and the potential for the survival of
buried remains.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Barnatt, J W, 'Derbyshire Archaeological Journal' in Bronze Age Remains on the East Moors of the Peak District, , Vol. 106, (1986), 26-7
Barnatt, J W, Peak District Barrow Survey, 1989, unpublished survey

Source: Historic England

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