Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Cairn on Bamford Edge, 570m north east of Clough House

A Scheduled Monument in Bamford, Derbyshire

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Latitude: 53.3556 / 53°21'20"N

Longitude: -1.6804 / 1°40'49"W

OS Eastings: 421368.754241

OS Northings: 384349.656771

OS Grid: SK213843

Mapcode National: GBR JYPM.ZT

Mapcode Global: WHCCG.5X2D

Entry Name: Cairn on Bamford Edge, 570m north east of Clough House

Scheduled Date: 10 June 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018085

English Heritage Legacy ID: 29827

County: Derbyshire

Civil Parish: Bamford

Traditional County: Derbyshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Derbyshire

Church of England Parish: Bamford and Derwent St John the Baptist

Church of England Diocese: Derby


The monument includes a cairn standing on the edge of the southern end of the
Millstone Grit escarpment known as Bamford Edge overlooking the upper Derwent
valley. The cairn is dated to the Bronze Age, with further evidence for Bronze
Age settlement and agriculture nearby.
The cairn measures approximately 8m in diameter and appears to be
undisturbed. It consists of a mound of turf and stones rising to about 0.60m
high. The ground surrounding the cairn shows no signs of clearance for
agriculture and thus the monument is interpreted as a funerary cairn. The
relatively isolated location, away from clearance features, and its commanding
position overlooking the upper Derwent valley also support this
interpretation. Since the cairn does not appear to have been robbed, much
information regarding its function and construction will be preserved below
ground and in the surviving structure, including intact burial remains.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The East Moors in Derbyshire includes all the gritstone moors east of the
River Derwent. It covers an area of 105 sq km, of which around 63% is open
moorland and 37% is enclosed. As a result of recent and on-going
archaeological survey, the East Moors area is becoming one of the best
recorded upland areas in England. On the enclosed land the archaeological
remains are fragmentary, but survive sufficiently well to show that early
human activity extended beyond the confines of the open moors.
On the open moors there is significant and well-articulated evidence over
extensive areas for human exploitation of the gritstone uplands from the
Neolithic to the post-medieval periods. Bronze Age activity accounts for the
most intensive use of the moorlands. Evidence for it includes some of the
largest and best preserved field systems and cairnfields in northern England
as well settlement sites, numerous burial monuments, stone circles and other
ceremonial remains which, together, provide a detailed insight into life in
the Bronze Age. Also of importance is the well preserved and often visible
relationship between the remains of earlier and later periods since this
provides an insight into successive changes in land use through time.
A large number of the prehistoric sites on the moors, because of their rarity
in a national context, excellent state of preservation and inter-connections,
will be identified as nationally important.

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. In some cases, cairns often occupy prominent locations and
are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively
common feature in the uplands of Britain and are the stone equivalent of the
earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form
and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the
diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst prehistoric communities.
They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial
proportion of the surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.
The cairn 570m north east of Clough House appears to be undisturbed and, as
such, will contain intact buried remains and associated artefacts below ground
and within the surviving structure.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989), 28:8

Source: Historic England

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