Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 230m south west of Little Lodge Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Santon Downham, Suffolk

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Latitude: 52.4495 / 52°26'58"N

Longitude: 0.7015 / 0°42'5"E

OS Eastings: 583677.0338

OS Northings: 286940.954778

OS Grid: TL836869

Mapcode National: GBR QBG.J4H

Mapcode Global: VHKC5.3PPK

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 230m south west of Little Lodge Farm

Scheduled Date: 29 July 1964

Last Amended: 27 April 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018042

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31099

County: Suffolk

Civil Parish: Santon Downham

Traditional County: Suffolk

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Suffolk

Church of England Parish: Santon Downham St Mary the Virgin

Church of England Diocese: St.Edmundsbury and Ipswich


The monument includes a bowl barrow sited on a gentle north east facing slope,
approximately 200m to the south of the River Little Ouse. The barrow is
visible as an earthen mound, which stands to a height of about 1m and covers a
roughly circular area measuring about 27m in diameter. Encircling the mound
are a ditch and external bank. The ditch is largely infilled but is marked by
a hollow about 0.2m deep and up to 12m wide in the ground surface. The
external bank is approximately 9m wide and survives in places up to 0.2m high.
The fences on the north west and west sides of the monument and the surface of
the trackway to the north west are excluded from the scheduling, although the
ground beneath them is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The bowl barrow 230m south west of Little Lodge Farm is a well preserved
example, with a variety of visible components including an outer bank which is
a relatively common feature in the barrows surviving in this region. It will
retain archaeological information concerning its construction and the manner
and duration of its use. Evidence for the local environment prior to and
during that time will also be preserved in soils buried beneath the mound and
in the fills of the partly buried ditch. The proximity of the barrow to a
number of other barrows in this part of the Breckland region gives it
additional interest. Together these barrows, which are mainly sited on former
heathland and warren, give some evidence of the character, development and
density of the prehistoric population in this area.

Source: Historic England

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