Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 580m north east of The Lodge, Brandon

A Scheduled Monument in Santon Downham, Suffolk

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Latitude: 52.4493 / 52°26'57"N

Longitude: 0.6514 / 0°39'4"E

OS Eastings: 580275.5777

OS Northings: 286790.004183

OS Grid: TL802867

Mapcode National: GBR QBD.HHK

Mapcode Global: VHJFP.7PQQ

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 580m north east of The Lodge, Brandon

Scheduled Date: 5 March 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016256

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21436

County: Suffolk

Civil Parish: Santon Downham

Built-Up Area: Brandon

Traditional County: Suffolk

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Suffolk

Church of England Parish: Santon Downham St Mary the Virgin

Church of England Diocese: St.Edmundsbury and Ipswich


The monument includes a bowl barrow which is located on a slight east-west
ridge on the south side of the valley of the Little Ouse River in the
Breckland region.

The barrow is visible as an earthen mound encircled by a ditch and a low bank
and has an overall diameter of c.33m. The mound stands to a height of c.1.6m
and covers a circular area c.21m in diameter. The surrounding ditch, from
which earth was quarried during the construction of the barrow, has become
largely infilled but survives as a buried feature and can be traced around the
eastern and northern side as a slight hollow c.3m wide and up to c.0.25m deep
in the ground surface. The external bank, measuring up to 3m in width at the
base and c.0.25m in height, is visible around most of the circumference.

A depression c.3.5m wide and c.9m in length in the surface of the mound,
extending from the south eastern edge towards the centre, probably marks the
site of an antiquarian investigation.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The bowl barrow 580m north east of The Lodge survives well, with a variety of
identifiable features, and although there is evidence that it has been the
subject of an antiquarian investigation, the area of disturbance indicated by
the depression in the surface of the mound is small in relation to the
monument as a whole. Archaeological information concerning the construction of
the barrow, the manner and duration of its use, and the local environment at
that time will be contained in the mound, the fill of the surrounding ditch,
and in soils buried beneath the mound and the external bank. The buried soils
are also likely to retain evidence for earlier land use, predating the
construction of the barrow. The monument has additional interest in relation
to the prehistoric flint mines of Grimes Graves which lie 3km to the north
west, and, together with other barrows preserved in this part of the Breckland
region, provides evidence for the study of the general character and
development of prehistoric settlement in the area.

Source: Historic England

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