Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 100m south east of Woodcock Cottage

A Scheduled Monument in Santon Downham, Suffolk

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Latitude: 52.4563 / 52°27'22"N

Longitude: 0.6628 / 0°39'45"E

OS Eastings: 581020.821726

OS Northings: 287589.792905

OS Grid: TL810875

Mapcode National: GBR QB7.SHD

Mapcode Global: VHJFP.FJQD

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 100m south east of Woodcock Cottage

Scheduled Date: 18 March 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017786

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31083

County: Suffolk

Civil Parish: Santon Downham

Traditional County: Suffolk

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Suffolk

Church of England Parish: Santon Downham St Mary the Virgin

Church of England Diocese: St.Edmundsbury and Ipswich


The monument includes a bowl barrow, located on a gentle, north facing slope
to the south of the Little Ouse River. The barrow is visible as an earthen
mound, standing to a height of approximately 1.5m and which has a diameter of
32m. It is thought that the mound is encircled by a ditch from which earth
was quarried during the construction of the barrow, and although this has now
become completely infilled and is no longer visible, it will survive as a
buried feature approximately 3m wide.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The bowl barrow, to the south east of Woodcock Cottage survives well and will
retain archaeological information concerning its construction and the manner
and duration of its use. Evidence for the local environment prior to and
during that time will also be preserved in soils buried beneath the mound and
in the fill of the buried ditch. The proximity of the barrow to a number of
other barrows in this part of the Breckland region give it additional
Together these barrows give some evidence of the character, development and
density of the prehistoric population in this area.

Source: Historic England

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