Ancient Monuments

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Unenclosed stone hut circle settlement on Tom's Hill, 870m north west of Sandeman Bridge

A Scheduled Monument in Chagford, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.6408 / 50°38'26"N

Longitude: -3.9111 / 3°54'39"W

OS Eastings: 264961.632502

OS Northings: 84083.84616

OS Grid: SX649840

Mapcode National: GBR Q7.G328

Mapcode Global: FRA 27PC.XT5

Entry Name: Unenclosed stone hut circle settlement on Tom's Hill, 870m north west of Sandeman Bridge

Scheduled Date: 16 June 1976

Last Amended: 24 July 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017985

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28673

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Chagford

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Widecombe-in-the-Moor St Pancras

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

Details

The monument includes six stone hut circles situated on a gentle east facing
slope overlooking the valley of the South Teign River. The hut circles
survive as banks each surrounding an internal circular area which varies from
8 to 28.26 square metres with the average being 15.72 square metres. The
height of the surrounding walls vary between 0.3m and 0.6m, with the average
being 0.44m. Two of the huts have visible doorways and the walls are of
orthostatic or rubble bank construction.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements
were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date
from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building
tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low
walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch
roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups
and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although
they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other
monument types provide important information on the diversity of social
organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite afforestation, the unenclosed stone hut circle settlement on Tom's
Hill, 870m north west of Sandeman Bridge, survives well and contains
archaeological structures, features and deposits relating to prehistoric
exploitation of this area of the moor.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX68SE11,
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX68SW4,
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX68SW5.1,
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX68SW5.2,
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX68SW5.3,
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX68SW5.4,

Source: Historic England

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