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Dispersed stone hut circle settlement and associated fields 490m south east of Silk House

A Scheduled Monument in Chagford, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.633 / 50°37'58"N

Longitude: -3.8919 / 3°53'30"W

OS Eastings: 266300.125419

OS Northings: 83187.815233

OS Grid: SX663831

Mapcode National: GBR Q8.NG0N

Mapcode Global: FRA 27QD.KM9

Entry Name: Dispersed stone hut circle settlement and associated fields 490m south east of Silk House

Scheduled Date: 10 August 1976

Last Amended: 24 July 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017983

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28671

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Chagford

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Widecombe-in-the-Moor St Pancras

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

Details

The monument, which falls into six areas, includes a dispersed stone hut
circle settlement and associated fields situated on a north east facing slope
overlooking the valley of the Lowton Brook. The settlement contains at least
12 stone hut circles together with a number of lengths of rubble walling
forming part of a field system. The stone hut circles within the settlement
all survive as banks each surrounding an internal circular area which varies
from 14.51 to 55.39 square metres with the average being 30.56 square metres.
The height of the surrounding walls vary between 0.6m and 1.3m, with the
average being 0.91m. Four of the huts have visible doorways and the
orthostatic, rubble bank and coursed walling building traditions are all
represented.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements
were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date
from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building
tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low
walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch
roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups
and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although
they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other
monument types provide important information on the diversity of social
organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite afforestation, the dispersed stone hut circle settlement and
associated fields lying west of Lowton Brook survives well and contains
archaeological structures, features and deposits, relating to the exploitation
of this part of the moor during the Bronze Age period.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX68SE22, (1982)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX68SE23, (1981)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX68SE25, (1981)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX68SE25.1, (1981)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX68SE26, (1981)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX68SE26.1, (1981)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX68SE26.2, (1981)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX68SE26.3, (1981)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX68SE27, (1981)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX68SE28, (1981)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX68SE35, (1988)
MPP fieldwork by S. Gerrard, Gerrard, S., (1997)
MPP Fieldwork by S.Gerrard, Gerrard, S., (1997)

Source: Historic England

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