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Medieval settlement remains at Inglesham

A Scheduled Monument in Inglesham, Swindon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.6841 / 51°41'2"N

Longitude: -1.7017 / 1°42'5"W

OS Eastings: 420721.247207

OS Northings: 198407.773543

OS Grid: SU207984

Mapcode National: GBR 4T0.8MN

Mapcode Global: VHC0B.GX8W

Entry Name: Medieval settlement remains at Inglesham

Scheduled Date: 19 March 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017921

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28981

County: Swindon

Civil Parish: Inglesham

Traditional County: Berkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Highworth with Sevenhampton and Inglesham

Church of England Diocese: Bristol

Details

The monument includes medieval settlement remains situated east of the hamlet
of Inglesham on the upper floodplain of the River Thames.
Settlement earthworks survive between the Lechlade-Highworth road and the
hamlet. They include the remains of a central, curving hollow way, which
branches west towards the church and north towards a tributary of the Thames.
Another hollow way runs parallel to the latter. A fourth hollow way is
occupied by the lane from the main road to the hamlet. A number of irregular
house platforms survive to a height of 0.75m in the area south of the central
hollow way. There are indications on the surface and on aerial photographs
that the village extended south of the lane, but these earthworks have been
levelled by cultivation and have not been included in the scheduling.
All telegraph poles and fence posts together with the water trough and wooden
stile are excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath these
features is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Medieval rural settlements in England were marked by great regional diversity
in form, size and type, and the protection of their archaeological remains
needs to take these differences into account. To do this, England has been
divided into three broad Provinces on the basis of each area's distinctive
mixture of nucleated and dispersed settlements. These can be further divided
into sub-Provinces and local regions, possessing characteristics which have
gradually evolved during the past 1500 years or more.
The South Midlands local region is large, and capable of further subdivision.
Strongly banded from south west to north east, it comprises a broad succession
of clay vales and limestone or marlstone ridges, complicated by local drifts
which create many subtle variations in terrain. The region is in general
dominated by nucleated villages of medieval origin, with isolated farmsteads,
mostly of post-medieval date, set in the spaces between them. Depopulated
village sites are common, and moated sites are present on the claylands.

The medieval settlement remains of Inglesham are well preserved and a fine
example of their class.

Source: Historic England

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