Ancient Monuments

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Abra Barrow

A Scheduled Monument in Laverstoke, Hampshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.2233 / 51°13'23"N

Longitude: -1.2812 / 1°16'52"W

OS Eastings: 450295.685546

OS Northings: 147364.361653

OS Grid: SU502473

Mapcode National: GBR 845.6XS

Mapcode Global: VHD0B.RJ23

Entry Name: Abra Barrow

Scheduled Date: 17 June 1976

Last Amended: 18 March 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017904

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31167

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Laverstoke

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: Overton St Mary

Church of England Diocese: Winchester

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the crest of a low chalk ridge
running in an east-west direction across Southley Farm. It commands a
prominent position overlooking lower lying ground to the north, south and
west. The barrow, known as Abra Barrow, is roughly circular and includes a
central mound, about 1.8m high enclosed to the south east by an infilled
ditch, up to 0.15m deep. The barrow has been spread and clipped by ploughing,
and by the construction of farm lanes around the base, to give it a squared
off appearance. Aerial photographs indicate that the infilled ditch continues
around the barrow on the south and east sides.
A round barrow situated beneath the hedgerow approximately 50m to the south
has now been levelled, while a ring ditch, indicated by aerial photography
100m to the south east, remains faintly visible as a cropmark.
The modern fence which flanks the monument to the west is excluded from the
scheduling although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The Abra Barrow survives comparatively well despite some later disturbance. It
can be expected to retain archaeological remains and environmental evidence
relating to its original construction and use. Its close association with
other round barrows located on Southley and neighbouring farms indicates the
importance of the surrounding chalkland as an area of Bronze Age ritual
activity.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Hampshire Barrows, , Vol. 14, (1938), 28 30

Source: Historic England

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