Ancient Monuments

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Long barrow 650m south-east of Ridgeway Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Whitchurch, Hampshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.2692 / 51°16'9"N

Longitude: -1.29 / 1°17'23"W

OS Eastings: 449631.068003

OS Northings: 152463.158003

OS Grid: SU496524

Mapcode National: GBR 83K.BPT

Mapcode Global: VHD04.LCDD

Entry Name: Long barrow 650m south-east of Ridgeway Farm

Scheduled Date: 11 October 1990

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013008

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12107

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Whitchurch

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: Overton St Mary

Church of England Diocese: Winchester

Details

The monument includes a long barrow, surviving as a low earthwork, situated
just below the crest of a south-east facing slope close to the bottom of a dry
valley. The barrow mound, now under cultivation, has been partially damaged
by a large hollow, probably a former chalk pit dug into the centre of the
mound. The monument is orientated east-west and rectangular in plan.
The mound survives to a length of 60m and is 25m wide. It stands to a height
of 0.7m. Flanking quarry ditches run parallel to the north and south sides of
the mound. These are 6m wide and are visible on the ground as areas of dark
earth.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking
ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic
periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early
farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments
surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows
appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the
human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide
evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and,
consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites
for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long
barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic
structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their
considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are
considered to be nationally important.

The 180 long barrow of Hampshire, Wiltshire and Dorset form the densest and
one of the most important concentrations of monuments of this type in the
country. This example is regarded as important as, despite some damage, it
survives comparatively well and, with no evidence of formal excavation, the
site has considerable archaeological potential.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Smith, I F , Long Barrows in Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, (1979)

Source: Historic England

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