Ancient Monuments

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Long barrow 250m north-east of Upper Cranbourne Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Wonston, Hampshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1795 / 51°10'46"N

Longitude: -1.3009 / 1°18'3"W

OS Eastings: 448961.214368

OS Northings: 142487.416424

OS Grid: SU489424

Mapcode National: GBR 84J.V8X

Mapcode Global: VHD0J.DMM4

Entry Name: Long barrow 250m north-east of Upper Cranbourne Farm

Scheduled Date: 17 October 1990

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013005

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12104

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Wonston

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: Wonston

Church of England Diocese: Winchester

Details

The monument includes a long barrow set along the east end of a low ridge and
on the edge of an arable field close to the east-bound carriageway of the
A303. The barrow mound is orientated SE-NW and is rectangular in plan with
maximum dimensions of 63m long by 20m wide. It survives to a height of
c.0.5m. Running parallel to the north and south sides of the mound are quarry
ditches 7m wide, separated from the mound by berms 7m wide. Neither are
visible as earthworks but do survive as below-ground features.
A record of the barrow on Isaac Taylor's map of Hampshire (1759) suggests that
the monument was more conspicuous then than it is today.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking
ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic
periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early
farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments
surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows
appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the
human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide
evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and,
consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites
for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long
barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic
structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their
considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are
considered to be nationally important.

The 180 long barrows of Hampshire, Wiltshire and Dorset form the densest and
one of the most important concentrations of monuments of this type in the
country.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Smith, I F , Long Barrows in Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, (1979)
Other
Title: Map of Hampshire
Source Date: 1759
Author:
Publisher:
Surveyor:

Source: Historic England

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