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Catterton Hall moated site and adjacent building platform

A Scheduled Monument in Catterton, North Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.9029 / 53°54'10"N

Longitude: -1.2245 / 1°13'28"W

OS Eastings: 451049.718035

OS Northings: 445465.632513

OS Grid: SE510454

Mapcode National: GBR MRW9.PP

Mapcode Global: WHDB9.555B

Entry Name: Catterton Hall moated site and adjacent building platform

Scheduled Date: 22 September 1971

Last Amended: 8 December 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017456

English Heritage Legacy ID: 30109

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Catterton

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Rural Ainsty

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes the earthworks of a triangular moated enclosure with
buried and earthwork remains of a second enclosure to the west. It also
includes a building platform to the east of the main moat, the earthworks of
boundary features and two sets of ridge and furrow to the north and east of
the main moat.
The main moated island is triangular, with the northern and western arms of
the moat ditch, which are both approximately 100m long, forming a right angle
and the south eastern arm following a slightly irregular course to complete
the circuit. The island thus formed retains a number of low earthworks and
levelled areas that are interpreted as the remains of Catterton Hall which is
mentioned in both 13th and 16th century documents. Around much of the edge of
the island there is a broad low bank which at other sites has been shown to
have resulted from periodic dredging of the moat ditch following its
construction. At the southern end of the island there is a small fishpond
which is now used as a cattle watering hole. To the west, immediately beyond a
hedge line, there are the heavily silted earthworks of a second much smaller
moated island. A moat ditch extends northwards from the encircling ditch of
this smaller island. It then turns south westwards and then southwards to
partly enclose another small area of land which an early aerial photograph
shows to lack the ridge and furrow which cover the surrounding fields. These
ditches, which are now infilled, show as soil marks on later aerial
photographs and as a slight depression on the ground. To the east of the main
moated island there are the earthworks of a small building platform, with an
east to west boundary ditch lying just to its north. To the north of this
ditch there is a set of curving ridge and furrow orientated north-south, with
a second set orientated roughly east-west to be parallel with the northern arm
of the moat. This ridge and furrow are the remnants of the open field system
which originally surrounded the medieval settlement of Catterton. Forming the
northern boundary of these two sets of ridge and furrow is an east-west, flat
bottomed depression which is crossed by the earthwork of the causeway between
Catterton village and the main moated island. This causeway can also be traced
across the east-west ridge and furrow.
All post and wire fencing is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground
beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Catterton moated site is a well preserved example of a medieval manor site,
retaining upstanding earthwork features on the main island and beyond the moat
ditch to the north and east. The site will also retain important
archaeological deposits, including organic remains within the moat ditches
and in those sections now infilled. The two sets of ridge and furrow provide a
sample of the wider medieval open field system which was associated with the
manor house and the settlement of Catterton. This sample places the moated
site in its wider landscape context and provides information about the
medieval economy of the site.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Le Patourel, H.E J, 'Monograph Series No 5' in The Moated Sites of Yorkshire, , Vol. 5, (1973), indexed

Source: Historic England

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