Ancient Monuments

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Fortified manor house known as Kyme Castle

A Scheduled Monument in Newton Kyme cum Toulston, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 53.8985 / 53°53'54"N

Longitude: -1.2923 / 1°17'32"W

OS Eastings: 446602.253217

OS Northings: 444935.960003

OS Grid: SE466449

Mapcode National: GBR MRFC.07

Mapcode Global: WHDB8.38XP

Entry Name: Fortified manor house known as Kyme Castle

Scheduled Date: 13 November 1963

Last Amended: 23 August 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013302

English Heritage Legacy ID: 26951

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Newton Kyme cum Toulston

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Newton Kyme St Andrew

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument includes parts of a fortified manor house lying in the grounds of
Newton Kyme Hall, situated on a raised river terrace to the south of the River
Wharfe. The remains comprise a well preserved length of medieval wall,
orientated north to south. The wall is 15m in length, 1.2m thick with a return
to the west at both ends. A first floor lancet window is located to the south
part of the wall and a corbel on the east side indicates that this was an
interior face to the structure. The stub return walls at both ends further
indicate that the wall also extended westwards. There is a pointed arch
doorway at the north of the wall which, along with the upper masonry around
and to the north of it, appears to be a later rebuild, and may date from the
Victorian garden landscaping. Further remains of the manor are believed to be
preserved around the monument but their full extent cannot, as yet be
determined. A square headed window serving as a memorial is located in the
churchyard to the south and may have originated from the manor house.
It is thought that the manor may have been founded by the de Kyme family in
the 13th century and fortified in the 14th by the Talbot family. The manor
house may have gradually fallen into decay in the subsequent centuries and was
finally granted to Thomas Fairfax after the Civil War in the 17th century.
The castle remains are Listed Grade II.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Fortified houses were residences belonging to some of the richest and most
powerful members of society. Their design reflects a combination of domestic
and military elements. In some instances, the fortifications may be cosmetic
additions to an otherwise conventional high status dwelling, giving a military
aspect while remaining practically indefensible. They are associated with
individuals or families of high status and their ostentatious architecture
often reflects a high level of expenditure. The nature of the fortification
varies, but can include moats, curtain walls, a gatehouse and other towers,
gunports and crenellated parapets.
Their buildings normally included a hall used as communal space for domestic
and administrative purposes, kitchens, service and storage areas. In later
houses the owners had separate private living apartments, these often
receiving particular architectural emphasis. In common with castles, some
fortified houses had outer courts beyond the main defences in which stables,
brew houses, granaries and barns were located.
Fortified houses were constructed in the medieval period, primarily between
the 15th and 16th centuries, although evidence from earlier periods, such as
the increase in the number of licences to crenellate in the reigns of Edward I
and Edward II, indicates that the origins of the class can be traced further
back. They are found primarily in several areas of lowland England: in upland
areas they are outnumbered by structures such as bastles and tower houses
which fulfilled many of the same functions. As a rare monument type, with
fewer than 200 identified examples, all examples exhibiting significant
surviving archaeological remains are considered of national importance.

Although the visible remains of Newton Kyme Castle are limited in extent, it
is believed that further remains are preserved beneath the surrounding
landscaped gardens. The castle lies adjacent to the village of Newton Kyme and
surrounding earthworks, and is one of several medieval sites within the area.
The remains at Newton Kyme retain important evidence for the study of
fortified manors within the wider medieval landscape of the north of England.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Pevsner, N, The Buildings of England: Yorkshire: The North Riding, (1986), 378
Bastow, M, AM 107 Reports, (1985)

Source: Historic England

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