Ancient Monuments

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Brocket Hall moated site

A Scheduled Monument in Appleton Roebuck, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 53.8722 / 53°52'19"N

Longitude: -1.1555 / 1°9'19"W

OS Eastings: 455626.716703

OS Northings: 442102.222086

OS Grid: SE556421

Mapcode National: GBR NRCN.NP

Mapcode Global: WHDBB.7X1X

Entry Name: Brocket Hall moated site

Scheduled Date: 26 October 1970

Last Amended: 13 September 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008228

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20522

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Appleton Roebuck

Built-Up Area: Appleton Roebuck

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Appleton Roebuck with Acaster Selby

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument includes a moated site known as Brocket Hall which lies to the
south-east of Appleton Roebuck village. It is a double moated site in that it
comprises two adjacent moated islands. The eastern island is interpreted as
the site of the hall, since fragments of stone, tile and medieval pottery have
been found there; the island is rectangular, measuring 85m long and 55m wide
and is surrounded by a ditch 3m wide and up to 2m deep. The edge of the
island has an earthen bank up to 1.5m high on the north side and, although it
has been altered by encroaching cultivation, a bank 1.5m high and 10m wide is
visible on the outer edge of the moat ditch. An oval fishpond 12m long and 6m
wide is located in the north-west corner of the island. A causeway across the
south-east corner of the moat is a modern alteration. The western island
measures 85m long and up to 65m wide; it has a moat on three sides only (a V-
shaped ditch across the southern end of the island is thought to be a later
field boundary) and is narrower at the north end. There is a 1m high bank
along the northern edge and part of the eastern edge of the island and the
outer bank which surrounds the eastern half of the site peters out alongside
the northern arm of the western half. The interior of the western island is
subdivided by a slight east-west bank and the northern half contains two
oblong fishponds while the southern half has an irregularly shaped 2m deep
depression which is linked to the western arm of the moat by a narrow leat and
empties into the central moat. Although previously observed to hold water,
the moat is now dry with the exception of its western arm and this runs
parallel to a canalised stream which probably once supplied the moat.
All fences are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them
is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site at Brocket Hall is well preserved and has been identified as
the best surviving moated site in North Yorkshire. As there are no modern
buildings on the interior the below-ground remains of medieval buildings on
the eastern island will be well-preserved while the accuumulated silts of the
moat ditch and associated fishponds also favour the survival of evidence which
would assist the study of the medieval environment and the economy of the

Source: Historic England


Conversation with Ms L Dyson, (1992)
YAS Inventory Record No. 2214,

Source: Historic England

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