Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Cairnfield on a small knoll at Badger Way Stoop, Barningham Moor

A Scheduled Monument in Newsham, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.4651 / 54°27'54"N

Longitude: -1.9036 / 1°54'13"W

OS Eastings: 406343.419345

OS Northings: 507752.132233

OS Grid: NZ063077

Mapcode National: GBR HJ4T.N4

Mapcode Global: WHB4Z.Q1P9

Entry Name: Cairnfield on a small knoll at Badger Way Stoop, Barningham Moor

Scheduled Date: 24 October 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017445

English Heritage Legacy ID: 30483

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Newsham

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Barningham St Michael and All Angels

Church of England Diocese: Leeds


The monument includes a small cairnfield which includes a rubble bank on its
eastern edge. It is situated on Barningham Moor, on and around a small knoll
at Badger Way Stoop. The cairnfield consists of six cairns and the rubble
bank. The cairns are between 4m and 5m in diameter and survive to a
maximum height of 0.4m. Most of them have been robbed for stone at some time
in the past.
The rubble bank is on the east side of the knoll. The bank is
about 2m wide, 0.2m high, and 58m long. It may have formed part of an
enclosure associated with the cairnfield.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Cairnfields are concentrations of cairns sited in close proximity to one
another. They often consist largely of clearance cairns, built with stone
cleared from the surrounding landsurface to improve its use for agriculture,
and on occasion their distribution pattern can be seen to define field plots.
However, funerary cairns are also frequently incorporated, although without
excavation it may be impossible to determine which cairns contain burials.
Clearance cairns were constructed from the Neolithic period (from c.3400 BC),
although the majority of examples appear to be the result of field clearance
which began during the earlier Bronze Age and continued into the later Bronze
Age (2000-700 BC). The considerable longevity and variation in the size,
content and associations of cairnfields provide important information on the
development of land use and agricultural practices. Cairnfields also retain
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation during the
prehistoric period.

This cairnfield and the bank survives well, and form an important part of the
prehistoric landscape of Barningham Moor, which includes numerous other
cairns, carved rocks, settlements and evidence for the agricultural use of the
land. This site will therefore contribute to studies of such prehistoric
landscapes and the changing patterns of land use over time.

Source: Historic England


Cairnfield on Barningham Moor, Laurie, T, (1997)

Source: Historic England

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