Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Enclosure with hut circles south-west of Penn Beacon

A Scheduled Monument in Cornwood, Devon

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Latitude: 50.4478 / 50°26'52"N

Longitude: -3.9766 / 3°58'35"W

OS Eastings: 259760.009934

OS Northings: 62754.398045

OS Grid: SX597627

Mapcode National: GBR Q4.8BB3

Mapcode Global: FRA 27KW.2LT

Entry Name: Enclosure with hut circles south-west of Penn Beacon

Scheduled Date: 22 September 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017397

English Heritage Legacy ID: 10744

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Cornwood

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon


This enclosure with hut circles lies on the south-west slope of Penn Beacon
and is sub-circular, measuring 60m by 50m, with banks up to 3m in width and 1m
in height. There is a probable entrance to the south which is 3m in width and
there are traces of orthostatic facing around the bank. There are two huts
within the enclosure, one is 10m in diameter with walls 2m in thickness and up
to 1m in height and an entrance to the south-east; the other is 5m in diameter
with walls 2m in thickness and 0.7m in height.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Within the landscape of Dartmoor
there are many discrete plots of land enclosed by stone walls or banks of
stone and earth, most of which date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC), though
earlier and later examples also exist. They were constructed as stock pens or
as protected areas for crop growing and were sometimes subdivided to
accommodate stock and hut circle dwellings for farmers and herdsmen. The size
and form of enclosures may therefore vary considerably depending on their
particular function. Their variation in form, longevity and relationship to
other monument classes provide important information on the diversity of
social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities.
They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial
proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

This enclosure with hut circles south-west of Penn Beacon is closely
associated with Penn Beacon and Cholwich Town South reaves and several cairns.

Source: Historic England


SX56SE-004, SX56SE-004, (1990)

Source: Historic England

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