Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Stone hut circle south of Penn Moor enclosed stone hut settlement

A Scheduled Monument in Cornwood, Devon

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Latitude: 50.4488 / 50°26'55"N

Longitude: -3.969 / 3°58'8"W

OS Eastings: 260304.198688

OS Northings: 62848.873293

OS Grid: SX603628

Mapcode National: GBR Q5.G09R

Mapcode Global: FRA 27KV.ZJH

Entry Name: Stone hut circle south of Penn Moor enclosed stone hut settlement

Scheduled Date: 12 January 1961

Last Amended: 10 September 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012809

English Heritage Legacy ID: 10784

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Cornwood

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon


This stone hut circle lies on a south-east facing slope above Ford Brook and
to the south of Penn Moor enclosed hut settlement and Penn Moor contour reave.
It is 10m in diameter and has walls 2m in thickness and 1m in height, with a
probable entrance to the north.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements
were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date
from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building
tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low
walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch
roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups
and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although
they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other
monument types provide important information on the diversity of social
organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The stone hut circle south of Penn Moor enclosed stone hut settlement survives
comparatively well as part of a concentration of occupation evidence in the

Source: Historic England


SX66SW-096, SX66SW-096, (1990)

Source: Historic England

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