Ancient Monuments

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One of several cairns on the south-west slope of Penn Beacon

A Scheduled Monument in Cornwood, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.4439 / 50°26'38"N

Longitude: -3.9759 / 3°58'33"W

OS Eastings: 259796.765711

OS Northings: 62319.22664

OS Grid: SX597623

Mapcode National: GBR Q4.8JHW

Mapcode Global: FRA 27KW.8W4

Entry Name: One of several cairns on the south-west slope of Penn Beacon

Scheduled Date: 23 October 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012699

English Heritage Legacy ID: 10760

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Cornwood

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Details

This cairn is one of several lying on the south-west slope of Penn Beacon. It
consists of a mound of earth and stone 5m in diameter and 0.5m in height and
covered with grass and heather.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Round cairns are prehistoric funerary
monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, the latter predominating in areas of upland Britain
where such raw materials were locally available in abundance. Round cairns may
cover single or multiple burials and are sometimes surrounded by an outer
ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major visual element in
the modern landscape. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a
monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and
social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. Dartmoor provides one
of the best preserved and most dense concentrations of round cairns in south-
western Britain.

The relationship between this cairn, on the south-west slope of Penn Beacon,
to other cairns indicates the wealth of evidence relating to the ritual side
of Prehistoric life on this part of the Moor.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
SX56SE-130, SX56SE-130, (1990)

Source: Historic England

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