Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow on Black Down, 80m south east of the Hardy Monument

A Scheduled Monument in Winterborne St. Martin, Dorset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.6865 / 50°41'11"N

Longitude: -2.5483 / 2°32'53"W

OS Eastings: 361360

OS Northings: 87572.835001

OS Grid: SY613875

Mapcode National: GBR PV.X7V9

Mapcode Global: FRA 57K8.71Q

Entry Name: Bowl barrow on Black Down, 80m south east of the Hardy Monument

Scheduled Date: 29 November 1957

Last Amended: 7 July 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017374

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31918

County: Dorset

Civil Parish: Winterborne St. Martin

Traditional County: Dorset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Dorset

Church of England Parish: Portesham St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the south eastern part of
Black Down, overlooking Weymouth Bay to the south east, Lyme Bay to the
south west and the Winterborne Valley to the north east. It forms part of a
dispersed cemetery of 16 round barrows (of which 15 survive), forming part
of the larger barrow group associated with the South Dorset Ridgeway. The
additional barrows in the cemetery are the subject of separate schedulings.
The barrow has a mound composed of sand, gravel and turf, with maximum
dimensions of 12m in diameter and about 1m in height. Surrounding the mound is
a ditch from which material was quarried during its construction. This has
become infilled over the years, but will survive as a buried feature 1.5m
wide.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, date from the Late
Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age with most examples belonging to the
period 2400-1500 BC. Over 10,000 surviving examples are recorded nationally.
The bowl barrow on Black Down, 80m south east of the Hardy Monument survives
well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to
the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. It forms part of
the wider South Dorset Ridgeway barrow group, which represents one of the
largest and most concentrated barrow distributions in England.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 449

Source: Historic England

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