Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow on Black Down, 450m north west of the Hardy Monument

A Scheduled Monument in Winterborne St. Martin, Dorset

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Latitude: 50.6885 / 50°41'18"N

Longitude: -2.5532 / 2°33'11"W

OS Eastings: 361013.998

OS Northings: 87795.1978

OS Grid: SY610877

Mapcode National: GBR PV.X6HP

Mapcode Global: FRA 57J8.544

Entry Name: Bowl barrow on Black Down, 450m north west of the Hardy Monument

Scheduled Date: 8 August 1957

Last Amended: 16 April 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016732

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31920

County: Dorset

Civil Parish: Winterborne St. Martin

Traditional County: Dorset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Dorset

Church of England Parish: The Winterbournes

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury


The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the western part of Black
Down, overlooking the Winterborne Valley to the north. It forms part of a
wider cemetery of 16 round barrows (of which 15 survive), forming part of the
South Dorset Ridgeway barrow group. The additional barrows in this cemetery
are the subject of separate schedulings.
The barrow has a mound composed of pebble-flint and earth, with maximum
dimensions of 12m in diameter and about 0.75m in height. Surrounding the mound
is a ditch from which material was quarried during its construction. This
has become infilled over the years, but will survive as a buried feature 1.5m

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, date from the Late
Neolithic to the Late Bronze Age with most examples belonging to the period
2400-1500 BC. Over 10,000 surviving examples are recorded nationally.
The bowl barrow on Black Down, 450m north west of the Hardy Monument survives
well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to
the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. The barrow, which
is unusual in having a mound composed largely of pebble-flint, forms part of
the South Dorset Ridgeway barrow group, one of the largest and most
concentrated distributions of round barrows in England.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 449

Source: Historic England

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