Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow on Black Down, 50m south of the Hardy Monument

A Scheduled Monument in Winterborne St. Martin, Dorset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.6864 / 50°41'10"N

Longitude: -2.5491 / 2°32'56"W

OS Eastings: 361302.636801

OS Northings: 87554.641823

OS Grid: SY613875

Mapcode National: GBR PV.XFLP

Mapcode Global: FRA 57K8.6QM

Entry Name: Bowl barrow on Black Down, 50m south of the Hardy Monument

Scheduled Date: 7 July 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016730

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31917

County: Dorset

Civil Parish: Winterborne St. Martin

Traditional County: Dorset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Dorset

Church of England Parish: Portesham St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the south eastern part of
Black Down, overlooking Weymouth Bay to the south east, Lyme Bay to the
south west and the Winterborne Valley to the north east. It forms part of a
wider cemetery of 16 round barrows (of which 15 survive), forming part of the
South Dorset Ridgeway barrow group. The additional barrows in the cemetery are
the subject of separate schedulings.
The barrow has a mound composed of sand, gravel and turf, with maximum
dimensions of 11m in diameter and about 0.6m in height. Surrounding the mound
is a ditch from which material was quarried during its construction. The ditch
has become infilled over the years, but will survive as a buried feature 1.5m
wide. This has been partially disturbed by a 0.75m wide gully on its east
side.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, date from the Late
Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the
period 2400-1500 BC. Over 10,000 surviving examples are recorded nationally.
Despite some disturbance by the construction of a gully along its eastern
edge, the bowl barrow 50m south of the Hardy Monument survives well and will
contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and
the landscape in which it was constructed. It forms part of the wider South
Dorset Ridgeway barrow group, which represents one of the largest and most
concentrated barrow distributions in England.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 449

Source: Historic England

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