Ancient Monuments

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Medieval rural settlement at Quemerford

A Scheduled Monument in Calne, Wiltshire

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Latitude: 51.4276 / 51°25'39"N

Longitude: -1.9893 / 1°59'21"W

OS Eastings: 400836.8181

OS Northings: 169838.0572

OS Grid: SU008698

Mapcode National: GBR 2T2.FVM

Mapcode Global: VHB42.GCPZ

Entry Name: Medieval rural settlement at Quemerford

Scheduled Date: 7 July 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017056

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28997

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Calne

Built-Up Area: Calne

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Calne and Blackland St Mary the Virgin

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury


The monument, which falls into two areas, includes the remains of part of a
medieval settlement located to the south of Quemerford Farm and either side of
a track, the origins of which may be contemporary with the settlement.
The monument is situated on the edge of the Kimmeridge clay in a small valley
cut by the River Marden. Immediately to the north coral rag rises gently
towards Calne.
The settlement area divides into two parts. To the west of the track and at
the western edge of the area east of the track, there is a series of well-
defined house platforms, up to 0.6m high. Those which abut and are aligned on
the track provide clear evidence of its antiquity, a point also confirmed by
the route it provides between the settlement and the 13th century St Peter's
Church, now in Blackland Park. Linear banks surround and run between the
platforms. These features represent the boundaries of enclosures or closes;
one prominent example running parallel to the track on the west side stands 1m
high. Beyond the area of house platforms to the east is a series of less
distinct earthwork features representing fields. These were arranged on a
different alignment and fill the intervening area between the Quemerford
settlement and a further settlement some 250m further east. This eastern
settlement has been levelled by agricultural operations over the years and is
not included in the scheduling. Although less well preserved than the
earthworks west of the track, the visible remains of fields between the two
settlements are included in the scheduling as they represent a further
dimension to the monument not represented elsewhere.
To the west of the track, earthworks and buried remains are likely to extend
beyond the scheduling to the north, representing a further area of medieval
settlement. Remains also extend into Blackland Park to the south. The monument
includes the main focus of occupation and agricultural activity and these
areas, to the north and south are not included in the scheduling.
All fence posts and water troughs are excluded from the scheduling, although
the ground beneath these features is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Medieval rural settlements in England were marked by great regional diversity
in form, size and type, and the protection of their archaeological remains
needs to take these differences into account. To do this, England has been
divided into three broad Provinces on the basis of each area's distinctive
mixture of nucleated and dispersed settlements. These can be further divided
into sub-Provinces and local regions, possessing characteristics which have
gradually evolved during the last 1500 years or more.
The Upper Avon and Thames local region has mixed characteristics, with
elements of both `village' and `woodland' landscapes. It is distinguished by
substantial densities of villages and hamlets associated with moderate numbers
of scattered farmsteads, giving a rather dense overall pattern, but the region
still carried woodland in 1086, and the Braden and Chippenham Forests reflect

The medieval rural settlement at Quemerford Farm is well preserved and is a
good example of its class within this sub-Province. It will contain
archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and
the landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Currie, C, Earthworks at Quemerford near Calne, Wiltshire, (1986)

Source: Historic England

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