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Medieval settlement 520m north east of Lower Beversbrook Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Calne, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.4549 / 51°27'17"N

Longitude: -1.9973 / 1°59'50"W

OS Eastings: 400285.054349

OS Northings: 172875.032116

OS Grid: SU002728

Mapcode National: GBR 2SN.RV2

Mapcode Global: VHB3W.BPGK

Entry Name: Medieval settlement 520m north east of Lower Beversbrook Farm

Scheduled Date: 16 February 1979

Last Amended: 21 January 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018392

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31656

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Calne

Built-Up Area: Calne

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Hilmarton St Lawrence

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes the earthwork remains of a medieval settlement located
to the north east of Lower Beversbrook Farm on low lying land on the outskirts
of Calne.
The earthworks are linear in plan, 500m long with a hollow way running almost
the whole length on the eastern margin. Flanking this to the north west are a
series of long rectilinear platforms. At the north east end of the hollow way,
the earthworks broaden into a series of well defined square platforms and
enclosures. Most prominent of these is a square platform 1.5m high surrounded
by a moat 1m deep and 4m wide. Ridge and furrow abutts the earthworks to the
north and east, the best preserved areas of which are included in the
scheduling. The village is listed in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Beversbroc
and was presented a chapel in 1298.
All fenceposts, cattle troughs and cattle feeders are excluded from the
scheduling, although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Medieval rural settlements in England were marked by great regional diversity
in form, size and type, and the protection of their archaeological remains
needs to take these differences into account. To do this, England has been
divided into three broad Provinces on the basis of each area's distinctive
mixture of nucleated and dispersed settlements. These can be further divided
into sub-Provinces and local regions, possessing characteristics which have
gradually evolved during the last 1500 years or more.
This monument lies in the Cotswold Scarp and Vales sub-Province of the Central
Province, a scarp and vale landscape extending south eastwards from the clays
and alluvium of the Severn Plain, over the limestones of the Cotswolds to the
Oxford Clay Vale. Villages and hamlets concentrate thickly in the Severn
Valley and the Vale of Pewsey, but are only moderately dense elsewhere. They
are most thinly scattered on the higher ridge of the north east Cotswolds, an
area where in 1851 there were low populations and frequent deserted villages.
Overall, there are very low concentrations of dispersed farmsteads, the only
exceptions being the Vale of Pewsey and the Upper Avon and Thames watershed.

The medieval rural settlement 520m north east of Lower Beversbrook Farm is
well preserved and is a good example of its class within this sub-Province. It
will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the
monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Canham, R A, Aerial Photography in Wiltshire 1975-81, Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Magazine, (1981)

Source: Historic England

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