Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 840m west of Cherhill Monument, Cherhill Down.

A Scheduled Monument in Cherhill, Wiltshire

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Latitude: 51.4223 / 51°25'20"N

Longitude: -1.9447 / 1°56'40"W

OS Eastings: 403939.745161

OS Northings: 169254.922782

OS Grid: SU039692

Mapcode National: GBR 3VG.M5G

Mapcode Global: VHB43.7JR0

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 840m west of Cherhill Monument, Cherhill Down.

Scheduled Date: 11 June 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010109

English Heritage Legacy ID: 19033

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Cherhill

Built-Up Area: Cherhill

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Calstone Wellington St Mary the Virgin

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury


The monument includes a small bowl barrow, one of three barrows set on a false
crest towards the west end of a steep sided chalk spur. The barrow mound is
circular with a diameter of 8.1m and stands up to 0.5m high. It is rounded in
profile and appears intact and undisturbed. Although no longer visible at
ground level, a ditch, from which material was quarried during the
construction of the monument, surrounds the mound. This has become infilled
over the years but survives as a buried feature c.1m wide.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The bowl barrow 840m west of Cherhill Monument survives well as one of a group
of three round barrows in close proximity to each other at the western end of
Cherhill Down. As one of a group its relationship to the others is of
importance. Its excellent state of preservation allows good potential for the
recovery of archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the
monuments and the landscape in which they were constructed.

Source: Historic England

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