Ancient Monuments

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Hillfort 400m south of Home Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Denny Lodge, Hampshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.8752 / 50°52'30"N

Longitude: -1.5239 / 1°31'26"W

OS Eastings: 433590.863957

OS Northings: 108521.372233

OS Grid: SU335085

Mapcode National: GBR 76R.5HM

Mapcode Global: FRA 76PS.J3X

Entry Name: Hillfort 400m south of Home Farm

Scheduled Date: 16 September 1963

Last Amended: 7 July 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017019

English Heritage Legacy ID: 30272

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Denny Lodge

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Details

The monument includes a slight univallate hillfort situated on the top of a
sandy knoll immediately south of a stream within the New Forest. The hillfort
is sub-circular in plan and has ramparts 1m in height and 3m in width which
enclose an area of approximately 0.3ha. An external ditch up to 3m in width
and 0.9m in depth and a slight counterscarp bank are visible around the
eastern, western and southern sides of the rampart. On the northern side of
the hillfort the rampart utilizes the natural scarp and has no obvious
external ditch, although a depression 7m in length, 0.2m in width and 0.3m in
depth projects northwards from the base of the scarp. A break in the eastern
rampart 7m in width and a 4m wide causeway over the ditch probably indicate
the original entrance. The area enclosed by the rampart is undulating and
includes a mound 11m in diameter and 0.9m in height situated against the
southern bank. The hillfort has been partially disturbed by a trackway which
bisects it on an east to west axis.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Slight univallate hillforts are defined as enclosures of various shapes,
generally between 1ha and 10ha in size, situated on or close to hilltops and
defined by a single line of earthworks, the scale of which is relatively
small. They date to between the Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age (eighth -
fifth centuries BC), the majority being used for 150 to 200 years prior to
their abandonment or reconstruction. Slight univallate hillforts have
generally been interpreted as stock enclosures, redistribution centres, places
of refuge and permanent settlements. The earthworks generally include a
rampart, narrow level berm, external ditch and counterscarp bank, while access
to the interior is usually provided by two entrances comprising either simple
gaps in the earthwork or an inturned rampart. Postholes revealed by excavation
indicate the occasional presence of portal gateways while more elaborate
features like overlapping ramparts and outworks are limited to only a few
examples. Internal features included timber or stone round houses; large
storage pits and hearths; scattered postholes, stakeholes and gullies; and
square or rectangular buildings supported by four to six posts, often
represented by postholes, and interpreted as raised granaries. Slight
univallate hillforts are rare with around 150 examples recorded nationally.
Although on a national scale the number is low, in Devon they comprise one of
the major classes of hillfort. In other areas where the distribution is
relatively dense, for example, Wessex, Sussex, the Cotswolds and the
Chilterns, hillforts belonging to a number of different classes occur within
the same region. Examples are also recorded in eastern England, the Welsh
Marches, central and southern England. In view of the rarity of slight
univallate hillforts and their importance in understanding the transition
between Bronze Age and Iron Age communities, all examples which survive
comparatively well and have potential for the recovery of further
archaeological remains are believed to be of national importance.

The slight univallate hillfort 400m south of Home Farm survives particularly
well as a substantial earthwork, and despite some limited disturbance from a
trackway will retain archaeological information relating to its construction
and use. In addition, the old land surfaces sealed beneath the ramparts are
likely to contain well preserved environmental evidence pertaining to the
contemporary landscape within which the hillfort was constructed. The
hillfort's location within a public access area gives it significance as a
potential public amenity.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Sumner, H, The Ancient Earthworks of the New Forest, (1917)
Other
Hampshire County Council, SU 30 NW 5,
Hampshire County Council, SU 30 NW 6,

Source: Historic England

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