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Bowl barrow at Longwater Lawn

A Scheduled Monument in Lyndhurst, Hampshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.873 / 50°52'22"N

Longitude: -1.5412 / 1°32'28"W

OS Eastings: 432378.600891

OS Northings: 108268.979329

OS Grid: SU323082

Mapcode National: GBR 76R.16J

Mapcode Global: FRA 76NS.PDK

Entry Name: Bowl barrow at Longwater Lawn

Scheduled Date: 16 September 1963

Last Amended: 11 June 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009877

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20225

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Lyndhurst

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Details

This monument includes a bowl barrow situated on a north-facing slope
overlooking Longwater Lawn. The barrow mound measures 9.5m in diameter and
stands up to 0.9m high. A shallow hollow on the summit may be the result of
an early excavation. A ditch, from which material was quarried during the
construction of the monument, surrounds the barrow mound. This has become
partly infilled over the years but survives as a slight earthwork 1.8m wide
and 0.3m deep on the north and south edges of the mound.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite evidence for partial excavation, the bowl barrow at Longwater Lawn
survives comparatively well within the New Forest, an area known to have been
important in terms of lowland Bronze Age occupation. A considerable amount of
archaeological evidence has survived in this area because of a lack of
agricultural activity, the result of later climatic deterioration, development
of heath and the establishment of a Royal Forest.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Hampshire Barrows, , Vol. 14, (1938), 360
Other
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)

Source: Historic England

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