Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow at Matley Holms

A Scheduled Monument in Denny Lodge, Hampshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.87 / 50°52'11"N

Longitude: -1.5182 / 1°31'5"W

OS Eastings: 434000.57895

OS Northings: 107941.290009

OS Grid: SU340079

Mapcode National: GBR 76S.711

Mapcode Global: FRA 76QS.SFN

Entry Name: Bowl barrow at Matley Holms

Scheduled Date: 9 September 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012578

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20230

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Denny Lodge

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Details

This monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the crest of a north-facing
slope overlooking Fulliford Bog. The barrow mound measures 5.5m in diameter
and stands up to 0.5m high. The eastern side of the barrow mound has seen
limited disturbance as a result of agricultural improvements. A ditch, from
which material was quarried during the construction of the monument, surrounds
the barrow mound. This has become partly infilled over the years but survives
as a slight earthwork 1m wide and 0.15m deep on all sides of the mound except
the east where it survives as a buried feature. The overall diameter of the
monument is 7.5m. This monument lies within a relict field system.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite partial disturbance of the Matley Holms bowl barrow as a result of
agricultural improvements, it survives comparatively well within the New
Forest, an area known to have been important for occupation during the Bronze
Age. A considerable amount of important archaeological evidence has survived
in this area because of a lack of agricultural activity, the result of later
climatic deterioration, development of heath and the establishment of a Royal
Forest.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Darvill, T C, Monument Class Descriptions - Bowl Barrows (1988), 1988,

Source: Historic England

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