Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow on Lammas Hill

A Scheduled Monument in Wolston, Warwickshire

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Latitude: 52.3732 / 52°22'23"N

Longitude: -1.3867 / 1°23'12"W

OS Eastings: 441849.870092

OS Northings: 275194.09593

OS Grid: SP418751

Mapcode National: GBR 7P2.47N

Mapcode Global: VHBX6.XM82

Entry Name: Bowl barrow on Lammas Hill

Scheduled Date: 11 February 1958

Last Amended: 16 April 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016885

English Heritage Legacy ID: 30062

County: Warwickshire

Civil Parish: Wolston

Built-Up Area: Wolston

Traditional County: Warwickshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Warwickshire

Church of England Parish: Wolston St Margaret

Church of England Diocese: Coventry


The monument includes the buried and earthwork remains of the bowl barrow on
Lammas Hill, located in a prominent position on rising ground above the
village of Wolston.
The barrow mound is irregular with evidence of disturbance on the south west
side and a slightly dished summit. It stands to a height of 2m to 2.5m, with
a diameter of approximately 18m. Although no longer easily visible at ground
level, a slight depression at the base of the mound represents the ditch, from
which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. This
became partly infilled over the years, but survives as a buried feature
approximately 5m wide.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The bowl barrow on Lammas Hill survives well despite some disturbance and is
believed to include both primary and secondary burials and associated
artefacts. These will provide information about the dietary habits, diseases
and standards of living of the local population. Artefactual evidence will
also provide evidence for social status as well as ritual and funerary
practices. The ditches and barrow mound preserve buried ground surfaces which
will provide information about the landscape, environment and climate in the
vicinity at the time of the barrow's construction and use.

Source: Historic England


various SMR officers, Various unpublished notes in SMR, WA3139

Source: Historic England

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