Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 335m south east of Broadfield Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Tetbury Upton, Gloucestershire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.6486 / 51°38'54"N

Longitude: -2.1454 / 2°8'43"W

OS Eastings: 390038.971872

OS Northings: 194431.19978

OS Grid: ST900944

Mapcode National: GBR 1NT.QD4

Mapcode Global: VH95C.RTPK

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 335m south east of Broadfield Farm

Scheduled Date: 7 July 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016838

English Heritage Legacy ID: 32343

County: Gloucestershire

Civil Parish: Tetbury Upton

Traditional County: Gloucestershire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Gloucestershire

Church of England Parish: Tetbury St Mary the Virgin

Church of England Diocese: Gloucester

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow set on top of a ridge 335m south east of
Broadfield Farm. The barrow mound measures 27m in diameter and 1.65m high.
Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was excavated for the
construction of the barrow. The ditch is no longer visible at ground level,
but survives as a buried feature about 3m wide. Part of the mound on the south
west side has been removed. This is thought to be the result of unrecorded
excavation in the past.
The post and wire fence which borders the barrow on its east side is excluded
from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite part of the mound having been removed by unrecorded excavation the
barrow 335m south east of Broadfield Farm survives well. The mound will
contain evidence for primary and secondary burials, along with grave goods,
which will provide information about prehistoric funerary practices, and about
the local community at that time. The mound will also preserve environmental
information in the buried original ground surface, predating the construction
of the barrow providing evidence for the landscape at the time of the barrows
construction. In addition, the mound and its surrounding ditch will contain
environmental evidence in the form of organic remains relating both to the
barrow and the wider landscape within which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
O`Neil, H E, Grinsell, L V, 'Proc of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Arch Soc' in Gloucestershire Barrows, , Vol. LXXIX, (1960), 135

Source: Historic England

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