Ancient Monuments

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Pair of bowl barrows on Baily's Hill

A Scheduled Monument in East Dean and Friston, Wealden

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Latitude: 50.749 / 50°44'56"N

Longitude: 0.1888 / 0°11'19"E

OS Eastings: 554503.7418

OS Northings: 96656.4148

OS Grid: TV545966

Mapcode National: GBR MVB.SND

Mapcode Global: FRA C783.KC2

Entry Name: Pair of bowl barrows on Baily's Hill

Scheduled Date: 7 April 1967

Last Amended: 16 July 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016684

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31420

County: Wealden

Civil Parish: East Dean and Friston

Built-Up Area: Friston

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): East Sussex

Church of England Parish: East Dean with Friston

Church of England Diocese: Chichester


The monument falls into two areas of protection and includes a south
west-north east aligned pair of bowl barrows situated on a chalk hill
immediately behind one of the Seven Sisters cliffs on the Sussex coast. The
larger of the two barrows lies to the south west and has a circular mound
approximately 10m in diameter and 0.5m high. Surrounding the mound is likely
to be a ditch from which material used to construct the barrow was excavated.
This has become infilled over the years and will survive as a buried feature
around 2m wide. Lying around 145m to the north east, the smaller barrow has a
mound measuring 0.5m in diameter and 0.6m high, surrounded by an approximately
1m wide buried quarry ditch.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The two bowl barrows on Baily's Hill survive well and will retain
archaeological and environmental evidence relating to their construction and
original use.

Source: Historic England

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