Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow at Newbarn Bottom, 450m east of Foxhole

A Scheduled Monument in Cuckmere Valley, East Sussex

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Latitude: 50.7647 / 50°45'53"N

Longitude: 0.1629 / 0°9'46"E

OS Eastings: 552626.861498

OS Northings: 98356.507

OS Grid: TV526983

Mapcode National: GBR MV3.S13

Mapcode Global: FRA C772.19Q

Entry Name: Bowl barrow at Newbarn Bottom, 450m east of Foxhole

Scheduled Date: 21 December 1976

Last Amended: 2 July 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016683

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31419

County: East Sussex

Civil Parish: Cuckmere Valley

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): East Sussex

Church of England Parish: West Dean All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Chichester


The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the north western slope of a
chalk hill which forms part of the Sussex Downs, around 1km north east of
Cuckmere Haven. The barrow has a circular mound approximately 28m in diameter
and up to 1.5m high. A central hollow suggests that the barrow underwent
antiquarian excavation during the 18th or early 19th century. Surrounding
the mound is a ditch from which material used to construct the barrow was
excavated. This has become infilled over the years but will survive as a below
ground feature up to 2m wide.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite some disturbance by unrecorded antiquarian excavation, the bowl barrow
at Newbarn Bottom survives comparatively well and will retain archaeological
and environmental evidence relating to its construction and original use.

Source: Historic England

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