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Bowl barrow north of Charleston Bottom, 1100m south east of Chamber's Court

A Scheduled Monument in Cuckmere Valley, East Sussex

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.7848 / 50°47'5"N

Longitude: 0.177 / 0°10'37"E

OS Eastings: 553555.857365

OS Northings: 100619.231273

OS Grid: TQ535006

Mapcode National: GBR MTX.PK6

Mapcode Global: FRA C780.LS5

Entry Name: Bowl barrow north of Charleston Bottom, 1100m south east of Chamber's Court

Scheduled Date: 24 October 1968

Last Amended: 9 May 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014382

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12883

County: East Sussex

Civil Parish: Cuckmere Valley

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): East Sussex

Church of England Parish: Litlington St Michael the Archangel

Church of England Diocese: Chichester

Details

The monument includes a small bowl barrow which comprises a mound and a
surrounding ditch. The mound measures 11m across and stands to a height of
0.4m. The surrounding ditch, which has been partly infilled by soil
eroded from the mound, is visible as a hollow 1.5m across around the foot of
the mound. The hollow in the summit of the mound indicates that the mound
was partly excavated in the 19th century.
The diameter of the mound and ditch together is 14m.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite the limited damage to the barrow mound caused by part excavation,
the monument above Charleston Bottom retains significant archaeological
potential for the recovery of evidence of the nature and duration of its use
and of the environment in which it was constructed. It is located just
south of an earlier oval barrow, and illustrates the difference in form
between burial mounds over time.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Darvill, T, Monument Class Description - Bowl barrows, 1988,

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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