Ancient Monuments

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Round barrow south west of Winchester's Pond

A Scheduled Monument in Cuckmere Valley, East Sussex

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.7952 / 50°47'42"N

Longitude: 0.1798 / 0°10'47"E

OS Eastings: 553719.696763

OS Northings: 101780.688924

OS Grid: TQ537017

Mapcode National: GBR MTX.481

Mapcode Global: FRA C68Z.MWD

Entry Name: Round barrow SW of Winchester's Pond

Scheduled Date: 20 March 1967

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1002260

English Heritage Legacy ID: ES 321

County: East Sussex

Civil Parish: Cuckmere Valley

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): East Sussex

Church of England Parish: Alfriston with Lullington

Church of England Diocese: Chichester

Summary

Bowl Barrow on Fore Down, 1.15km north-east of Chamber’s Court.

Source: Historic England

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 4 September 2014. The record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the summit of a hill, south-west of Winchester’s Pond on the South Downs. The barrow survives as a roughly circular-shaped mound about 23m in diameter and over 1m high. A surrounding quarry ditch from which material to construct the mound was derived, has been recorded in the past but has since been infilled and will survive as a buried feature. A central hollow in the top of the mound may be the result of an unrecorded excavation in the past.

Further archaeological remains, such as a Cross Dyke, survive in the vicinity of this monument but are not included because they have not been formally assessed.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period.

Despite evidence of disturbance in the past, the bowl barrow on Fore Down survives well and will contain archaeological information and environmental evidence relating to the barrow and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
East Sussex HER MES2982. NMR TQ50SW58. PastScape 408779.

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Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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