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Long Barrow on Windover Hill

A Scheduled Monument in Long Man, East Sussex

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.809 / 50°48'32"N

Longitude: 0.1868 / 0°11'12"E

OS Eastings: 554167.961889

OS Northings: 103324.898032

OS Grid: TQ541033

Mapcode National: GBR MTR.614

Mapcode Global: FRA C68Y.QL5

Entry Name: Long Barrow on Windover Hill

Scheduled Date: 9 October 1981

Last Amended: 7 September 1990

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012797

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12773

County: East Sussex

Civil Parish: Long Man

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): East Sussex

Church of England Parish: Wilmington St Mary and St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Chichester

Details

The Long Barrow is situated on gently-sloping ground near the crest of
Windover Hill 100m from the head of the much more recent `Long Man of
Wilmington' chalk figure. From a distance, however, the monument appears on
the skyline. It is oriented NE-SW, but neither of the ends appears higher or
broader than the other.
The most distinctive feature of the monument is the elongated earthen mound
measuring some 68m in length and 12-13m in width. The mound has been divided
into 2 uneven parts by a former trackway which gives the false impression of a
separate knoll at the NE end. At its highest point the mound survives to a
height of nearly 2m above the level of the surrounding ground.
Less obvious but nevertheless discernible are a pair of flanking ditches
parallel with the mound from which chalk and earth were quarried with which to
create the mound. These may be seen as slight hollows in which differently
coloured vegetation grows from that which covers the mound and surrounding
area.
No records of any excavation at the monument survive but an accurate survey
was completed earlier this century. This survey clearly indicates that the
monument is of a type characteristic of the Neolithic period.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking
ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic
periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early
farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments
surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows
appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the
human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide
evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and,
consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites
for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long
barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic
structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their
considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are
considered to be nationally important.

The example on Windover Hill survives well and retains high archaeological
potential, there being no records of diggings which might have disturbed the
remains in the past. Also of note is the proximity of this example with the
similar monument called Hunters' Burgh, 800m to the NE.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Long Barrows, (1989)
TQ 50 SW 33,

Source: Historic England

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